Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

DFG Establishes Seven New Research Training Groups

21.05.2008
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) is establishing seven new Research Training Groups.

These will give doctoral students additional opportunities to work towards their doctorates in structured research programmes with a high level of subject specialisation. The newly established Research Training Groups will address topics such as AIDS research, the comparison of social orders at an international level, and production optimisation.

Other topics include the semantic integration of geographic information and the improvement of the interaction between electrical implants and the human body. Three of the newly established groups are International Research Training Groups, in which the funding-recipients cooperate directly with international research partners.

The Grants Committee for Research Training Groups decided to establish the new Research Training Groups at its spring meeting in Bonn. The seven new groups will commence their work in the course of 2008 or in early 2009. They will initially receive funding for four and a half years, receiving a total of €21.6 million. Three of them are International Research Training Groups, which are co-financed by the international partners.

In addition to establishing the seven new groups, the Grants Committee also approved the continuation of seven existing Research Training Groups for another funding period. This brings the number of Research Training Groups funded by the DFG to a total of 248, including 58 International Research Training Groups.

The Grants Committee also agreed a number of important changes for applicants. The deadlines for submitting proposals for new Research Training Groups have been abolished with immediate effect. This means that, as with draft proposals, which are submitted in the first stage of the proposal process, the establishment proposal, which represents the second stage of the proposal process for Research Training Groups, can now be submitted at any time. In addition to this, universities will in future be able to apply at their own discretion for the so-called “coordination funds” for general administrative work.

The new Research Training Groups (listed in alphabetical order by host university):

How can product development from a virtual prototype through to the finished production model be implemented as fast and cost-effectively as possible? Optimisation of the production process is an important challenge, especially for suppliers to the automobile industry. The Research Training Group “Ramp-up Management” aims to use an interdisciplinary decision model to eliminate the shortcomings that have existed up to now in decision-making theory associated with the production ramp-up. This will serve as a foundation for the students’ scientific specialisation in engineering and economics. The decision model will also assist companies in orienting themselves and setting their course for the future. (RWTH Aachen. Coordinator: Professor Dr. Eng. Robert Schmitt)

Cardiovascular diseases are affecting more and more people and are thus having an increasing impact on the health economy. Against this backdrop, the International Research Training Group “Arterial Restructuring Processes” will concentrate on the biological and physiological causes of such diseases. Topics it will address include arteriosclerosis and other arterial restructuring processes and the associated symptoms such as inflammation. The group aims to identify new cellular and molecular target structures and thus develop new approaches for interdisciplinary vascular research. The RWTH Aachen will be looking for new findings in cooperation with its “Euregio” neighbour, the University of Maastricht. (RWTH Aachen. Coordinator: Professor Dr. Christian Weber. Cooperation partner: University of Maastricht, the Netherlands)

The simulation of production processes is essential for modern business. Simulations of the individual steps of a production process is nothing new; however, simulation of the linking of such steps into a process chain is quite novel. The Research Training Group “Process Chains in Production – Interaction, Modelling and Evaluation of Process Zones” will spend the next four and a half years studying this task. This Research Training Group is part of the interdisciplinary research and development field of “Computational Engineering – Materials Science – Industrial Engineering” and aims to enable doctoral students to optimise production processes through their research. In doing so, it will combine the technical and scientific strengths of a university and a technical college. The University of Applied Sciences in Karlsruhe is only the second technical college ever to participate in a Research Training Group. (University of Karlsruhe. Coordinator: Professor Dr. Britta Nestler)

The Research Training Group “International Comparison of Social Orders and Life Chances” will take an innovative approach to multilevel analysis. Many international comparisons in the social sciences and economics typically consider either the people in several countries or global indicators for countries. Since these approaches throw up a variety of problems, this Research Training Group proposes to combine the two approaches in a new way. It will look at the impact of life chances on the attitudes and actions of natural and corporate actors in the context of the social order as determined by the politics, business, civil society and culture of different countries. (University of Cologne. Coordinator: Professor Dr. Heiner Meulemann)

The International Research Training Group “Semantic Integration of Spatial Information” will study the problems that arise when geographic information from sources of varying ages and from different cultures are integrated in order to discuss and support decisions relating to the human environment. The Westphalian Wilhelms University in Münster and the University of Bremen will cooperate with the University at Buffalo to find solutions to these problems of semantic integration that are susceptible to computationally intensive control. To accomplish this, new transdisciplinary courses will cooperate to accelerate progress in semantic modelling, information procurement and semantic translation and to develop information processing systems. (Westphalian Wilhelms University, Münster. Coordinator: Professor Dr. Werner Kuhn; University of Bremen. Cooperation partners: University at Buffalo, USA)

Technical systems for supporting bodily functions that have been impaired by illness, accident or old age are already in widespread use and are very successful. The Research Training Group “Analysis and Simulation of Electrical Interactions between Implants and Biological Systems” will focus on improving the functionality, increasing the compatibility and extending the lifetime of implants. A thorough understanding of the processes occurring at the interface between the implant and the surrounding tissue is particularly important. Researchers from medicine, biology, computer science and electrical engineering will work together in this Research Training Group. (University of Rostock. Coordinator: Professor Dr. Ursula van Rienen)

Würzburg and South Africa will cooperate closely in the battle against deadly infectious diseases over the next four and a half years. The International Research Training Group “HIV/AIDS and Associated Infectious Diseases in Southern Africa” will enable fruitful synergies between these two prominent partners in biomedical research. The programme allows for work with clinical material and analytical methods so that the partners’ strengths complement each other reciprocally. This will also train young researchers and scientists both in basic research and in medical/clinical research into key infectious diseases. (Bavarian Julius Maximilian University Würzburg. Coordinator: Professor Dr. Axel Rethwilm. Cooperation partners: University of Cape Town, South Africa; University of Stellenbosch, South Africa)

Jutta Hoehn | alfa
Further information:
http://www.dfg.de
http://www.dfg.de/en/research_funding/coordinated_programmes/research_training_groups/

More articles from Science Education:

nachricht Studying outdoors is better
06.02.2018 | Technische Universität München

nachricht Classroom in Stuttgart with Li-Fi of Fraunhofer HHI opened
03.11.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik, Heinrich-Hertz-Institut, HHI

All articles from Science Education >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Developing reliable quantum computers

International research team makes important step on the path to solving certification problems

Quantum computers may one day solve algorithmic problems which even the biggest supercomputers today can’t manage. But how do you test a quantum computer to...

Im Focus: In best circles: First integrated circuit from self-assembled polymer

For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.

In the self-assembly process, the semiconducting polymer arranges itself into an ordered monolayer in a transistor. The transistors are binary switches used...

Im Focus: Demonstration of a single molecule piezoelectric effect

Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale

Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...

Im Focus: Hybrid optics bring color imaging using ultrathin metalenses into focus

For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.

But today's glass-based lenses are bulky and resist miniaturization. Next-generation technologies, such as ultrathin cameras or tiny microscopes, require...

Im Focus: Stem cell divisions in the adult brain seen for the first time

Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.

The generation of new nerve cells was once thought to taper off at the end of embryonic development. However, recent research has shown that the adult brain...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs)

15.02.2018 | Event News

Aachen DC Grid Summit 2018

13.02.2018 | Event News

How Global Climate Policy Can Learn from the Energy Transition

12.02.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Stiffness matters

22.02.2018 | Life Sciences

Magnetic field traces gas and dust swirling around supermassive black hole

22.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

First evidence of surprising ocean warming around Galápagos corals

22.02.2018 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>