The school institution hardly changed duringthe last century, despite television, radio and other information and communication technologies (ICTs) transforming the principal manner of transmitting, producing and reproducing information in our society.
The school continues to base its model of teaching on a very concrete technology – the printed word. If the school remains impassive to the changes taking place in our society, it runs the risk of becoming an antiquated institution. It is not enough, therefore, to expect that, with the mere presence of technology, changes in the school institution are going to take place – what is required are changes in practices in order to adapt to a new world.
This is the subject of Sergio Monge Benito’s PhD thesis, undertaken at the Faculty of Social and Communication Sciences of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU). His work analysed the process of the introduction of ICTs in secondary education in the Basque Autonomous Community (CAV ) over the period 1999 to 2004.
The PhD, entitled La escuela vasca ante el cambio tecnológico (1999-2004). Tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en la enseñanza (Basque schools and technological change (1999-2004). Information and communication technologies in teaching) was led by Joxerra Garzia Garmendia of the Department of Audiovisual Communication and Advertising and was awarded First Class Honours cum laude. In drawing up his PHD thesis Mr Monge had help from members of the Department of Education of the Basque Government and a number of secondary schools within the CAV.
Sergio Monge Benito has a degree in Advertising and Public Relations from the University of the Basque Country and is currently working as an Internet marketing consultant.
Ideas for improvement
The aim of the research was to identify the keys of the process of the introduction of technology into teaching, outline the current situation, identify fundamental obstacles to the process and put forward actions for improvement.
Throughout the work a practical, problem-solving approach was taken to resolve situations that educators, advisors and other players involved in technological change encounter when carrying out their tasks.
In carrying out this thesis, interviews with experts and persons involved in the process were undertaken in order to detect problems and identify possible solutions and, a posteriori, contrast the data obtained. Likewise, it was necessary to observe the activities of the schools and the literature was also consulted.
Mr Monge, from Bizkaia, observed that the introduction of ICTs in Basque secondary education in the CAV over the period 1999 to 2004 was not as satisfactory as might have been wished. The main obstacles to the process were, amongst others, the following: the bodies responsible for introducing ICTs in the schools acted in an uncoordinated manner, given a very new phenomenon; the introduction of ICTs was not put forward as a way of resolving concrete educational problems, but as a strategic option linked to the ideological impulse of Europe at the time; the ICT infrastructure was expensive then and rapidly became obsolete and current methodology in secondary education is not the most suitable for working with it.
Despite ICTs being introduced into the classroom, the way of teaching and learning still has to change a lot. To replace traditional learning by a more interactive one, it is important to replace the “transmitter” model of teacher (trying to reproduce their schemes of knowledge amongst their pupils) by one that is a “facilitator” who guides the pupils to knowledge-widening options, points to sources of information, mechanisms or exercises to enhance their knowledge about a matter, and so on. “The most important thing is that pupils develop above all their critical capacity, to be able to distinguish what is information and what is not, and to know how to select and organize it”, stated Mr Monge.
The work points to the elements generating problems in the process of the introduction of technology and makes suggestions for resolving these. It does not attempt to formulate all the answers to a phenomenon that is still quite new, but to undertake exploratory preliminary work. “That is, a tool of enhancement for those promoting the process of technological integration into education and teaching” he concluded.
Irati Kortabitarte | alfa
Decision-making research in children: Rules of thumb are learned with time
19.10.2016 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung
Young people discover the "Learning Center"
20.09.2016 | Research Center Pharmaceutical Engineering GmbH
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
At TU Wien, an alternative for resource intensive formwork for the construction of concrete domes was developed. It is now used in a test dome for the Austrian Federal Railways Infrastructure (ÖBB Infrastruktur).
Concrete shells are efficient structures, but not very resource efficient. The formwork for the construction of concrete domes alone requires a high amount of...
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
05.01.2017 | Event News
18.01.2017 | Life Sciences
18.01.2017 | Health and Medicine
17.01.2017 | Earth Sciences