Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

European cooperation towards the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

20.10.2008
While decisions on the use of nuclear energy are the responsibility of individual Member States, the safe management of resulting nuclear waste is a matter of concern for all European Union citizens.

The Euratom Framework Programme has supported research in this field for many years and this is continuing in the current 7 th Framework Programme. Today over 300 representatives of the research community, implementing organisations, regulatory authorities and decision makers meet at the EU organized conference Euradwaste ' 08 in Luxembourg. During the 7 th Conference on the Management and Disposal of Radioactive Waste they discuss until Wednesday the latest findings in their field and possibilities for further cooperation.

Euradwaste'08 is a showcase event for the results of the Sixth Euratom Framework Programme (FP6, 2002-2006). The long-term safe management of high-level radioactive waste, such as spent nuclear fuel and the vitrified residues from reprocessing of this fuel, is a major challenge for the nuclear sector. Every year some 280 m 3 of high-level vitrified waste and 3600 tonnes of spent nuclear fuel are produced in the EU. Geological disposal is the disposal in engineered repositories situated at depth in suitable geological formations, where the geological conditions will contribute to the long-term isolation and containment of long-lived radionuclides. Potential host rocks include granite, clay and salt formations.

Within the Euratom FP6 CARD project, (www.cardproject.eu) the major national radioactive waste management organisations of ten European States (Belgium, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom) reaffirmed their interest in enhancing cooperation in the remaining R&D necessary during the run-up to actual implementation of geological repositories. This must be coordinated with the on-going efforts in a number of European research centres and Technical Safety Organisations. Together, this will enable all R&D stakeholders to address better common research goals and optimise resources. At the conference, the basis will be laid for a common vision for future R&D in this field, leading to the elaboration by the key stakeholders of a Strategic Research Agenda and Deployment Strategy. Implementation of geological disposal is likely to take place in at least three Member States by 2025. The Swedish and Finnish radioactive waste management companies are piloting the current work and coordinating the drafting of the collective vision. It is hoped that the European Technological Platform will be formally launched in summer 2009.

Background

Under FP6, the European Commission invested some 90 million Euros in R&D on radioactive waste, half of it on geological disposal, the other half on techniques to minimise waste volumes and radiotoxicity. This support, provided typically through large multi-partner collaborative projects looking to integrate the research effort on key aspects of the disposal system, follows that in previous Framework Programmes focussed on investigation and demonstration of basic phenomena. This Euratom support has helped established a sound technical basis for the design, construction, operation and closure of geological repositories, and underpins the development of a common European view on the main issues related to the management and disposal of waste. The focus is now on implementation-oriented R&D in support of license applications, especially related to performance and safety assessment and the reduction of uncertainties. For further background on this complex technical and socio-political issue, refer to the European Commission's Sixth Situation Report on Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management in the European Union :

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2008:0542:FIN:EN:DOC

Florian Frank | alfa
Further information:
http://www.cec.eu.int
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2008:0542:FIN:EN:DOC

More articles from Science Education:

nachricht New Master’s programme: University of Kaiserslautern educates experts in quantum technology
15.03.2017 | Technische Universität Kaiserslautern

nachricht Decision-making research in children: Rules of thumb are learned with time
19.10.2016 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung

All articles from Science Education >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Giant Magnetic Fields in the Universe

Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.

The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...

Im Focus: Tracing down linear ubiquitination

Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.

Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...

Im Focus: Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance

Layered 2D material improves efficiency for solar cells and LEDs

In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...

Im Focus: Polymer-coated silicon nanosheets as alternative to graphene: A perfect team for nanoelectronics

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...

Im Focus: Researchers Imitate Molecular Crowding in Cells

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

International Land Use Symposium ILUS 2017: Call for Abstracts and Registration open

20.03.2017 | Event News

CONNECT 2017: International congress on connective tissue

14.03.2017 | Event News

ICTM Conference: Turbine Construction between Big Data and Additive Manufacturing

07.03.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Argon is not the 'dope' for metallic hydrogen

24.03.2017 | Materials Sciences

Astronomers find unexpected, dust-obscured star formation in distant galaxy

24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Gravitational wave kicks monster black hole out of galactic core

24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>