Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Reliable joining of high-strength steels using a laser hybrid welding process

05.09.2014

Laser-gas metal arc (GMA) hybrid welding is fast, good for deep welding, and can be used to bridge large gaps.

However, for thicker high-strength, fine-grain structural steels, hot cracks and undesired hardness levels can occur in the welding seam. For this reason, in an interdisciplinary project scientists at the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) and the Leibniz Universität Hannover (LUH) have developed a hybrid welding system with inductive preheating. This process can be used for reliable, high-quality, single-layer welding of high-strength, fine-grain structural steels up to a thickness of 20 mm.


Single layer laser-GMA hybrid welding: Cross-section of a weld seam of 20 mm thick high-strength, fine-grain structural steel of the grade S690QL. Photo: LZH


Experimental setup of the laser-GMA hybrid welding process with an inductive coil for preheating. Photo: LZH

In order to increase the weld seam quality for laser-GMA hybrid welding, the Joining and Cutting of Metals Group at the LZH has expanded the process to include integrated, inductive preheating. Directly before the welding process takes place, an induction coil brings energy into a targeted area of the welding seam.

Thus, the steel is preheated to the desired temperature, without direct contact. The weld seams are less brittle, fracture strain values are better, and hot cracks can be avoided. With this process, steel sheets can be welded with a single-layer, and time and material can be significantly saved.

Developed for Practical Application

The process was developed for high-strength, fine-grain structural steels with yield strengths from 460 to 690 N/mm². Applications for the used grades S700MC, X70 and S690QL can be found in crane, pump, pipeline and bridge construction, and in offshore areas. With this process, depending on the sheet thickness, feed rates of 0.75 m/min to 2.5 m/min can be reached.

Successful Interdisciplinary

The basis for the project was close cooperation between the material and process technicians from the LZH, and the engineers from the civil engineering and electrical engineering fields at the LUH. While the engineers at the LZH experimented with welding processes, the Institute for Electrotechnology and the Institute for Steel Construction (both LUH) made simulations of the preheating process, respectively the welding process, and evaluated the welding seams.

The project DOVOR – High-performance welding of high-strength, fine-grained steels with high process reliability, using a hybrid welding process with integrated preheating – was financially supported by the German Federation of Industrial Research Associations "Otto von Guericke" e.V. (AiF) and the Research Association for Steel Application (FOSTA).

Weitere Informationen:

http://www.lzh.de/en/publications/pressreleases/2014/reliable-joining-of-high-st... - further illustration and a video

Lena Bennefeld | Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V.
Further information:
http://www.lzh.de/en

Further reports about: Application Cutting FOSTA LUH LZH Laser Leibniz Steel construction feed temperature

More articles from Process Engineering:

nachricht Quick, Precise, but not Cold
17.05.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Lasertechnik ILT

nachricht A laser for divers
03.05.2017 | Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V.

All articles from Process Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.

As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

What the world's tiniest 'monster truck' reveals

23.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Treating arthritis with algae

23.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Witnessing turbulent motion in the atmosphere of a distant star

23.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>