Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Rosetta-Mission: "Chury's" nucleus is non-magnetic

15.04.2015

Knowledge about the magnetic properties of the planets and other solar system bodies allows for insight into their composition, dynamics, and history.

After the Rosetta-Lander Philae's amazing landing on the surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in November 2014, the results of the magnetic field measurements of the two instruments from Braunschweig are now available.

The geophysicists from Braunschweig present their newest results in the journal "Science" as well as at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly (EGU) on April 14th, 2015 in Vienna.

"Churyumov-Gerasimenko is remarkably non-magnetic", says Dr. Hans-Ulrich Auster, leader of the lander-magnetometer team from the Institut für Geophysik und extraterrestrische Physik (IGEP) at the TU Brauschweig.

Due to its small size, it was not expected to find signs of a dynamo process inside the comet's core, like the process that drives the Earth's magnetic field. However, it was speculated that iron rich, magnetic dust particles could have been aligned along the magnetic field 4.5 billion years ago, which would present as a remnant magnetization.

But the Measurements of the ROMAP magnetometer from Braunschweig on board lander "Philae" show only magnetic fields on the surface that are very similar to those measured by the Rosetta orbiter magnetometer RPC-MAG.

"That fact that the measurements in orbit and at the surface are remarkably similar is irrefutable evidence that the surface magnetic field is mirroring the properties of the magnetic field in the cometary coma", explains IGEP scientist Dr. Ingo Richter, instrument manager of the orbiter magnetometer.

Comet 67P "sings" at the surface, too

The oscillations that are being detected since August 2014, called the "song" of the comet by the scientists, is also dominating the magnetic field directly above the surface. The contribution of the comet's intrinsic magnetic field is well below 2nT, or about a fiftythousandth of Earth's magnetic field.

The combination of data from orbit and at the surface as well as the mutiple touchdowns make it possible to conclude that magnetic fields in the region where this comet was formed did not play a significant role in compacting decimeter-sized grains", says Prof. Dr. Karl-Heinz Glaßmeier, leader of the Rosetta orbiter magnetometer team. As strong magnetic fields play an important role in understanding the formation of the solar system, the scientists are looking forward to the discussions with their international colleagues.

Further Information

“The non-magnetic nucleus of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko,” by H.-U. Auster et al. is published in Science Express on 14 April. [http://www.sciencemag.org/lookup/doi/10.1126/science.aaa5102]

The results were also presented on 14 April at the European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2015 in Vienna, Austria, during a dedicated Rosetta mission press briefing. [http://www.egu2015.eu]

Contact

Prof. Karl-Heinz Glaßmeier
Dr. Hans-Ulrich Auster
Institut für Geophysik und extraterrestrische Physik
Technische Universität Braunschweig
Mendelssohnstraße 3
38106 Braunschweig
Tel.: 0531 391-5214
E-Mail: kh.glassmeier@tu-braunschweig.de
www.igep.tu-bs.de

Weitere Informationen:

http://blogs.tu-braunschweig.de/presseinformationen/?p=8809
http://www.sciencemag.org/lookup/doi/10.1126/science.aaa5102
http://client.cntv.at/egu2015/PC1
http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/

Stephan Nachtigall | idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

More articles from Physics and Astronomy:

nachricht Astronomers find unexpected, dust-obscured star formation in distant galaxy
24.03.2017 | University of Massachusetts at Amherst

nachricht Gravitational wave kicks monster black hole out of galactic core
24.03.2017 | NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

All articles from Physics and Astronomy >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Giant Magnetic Fields in the Universe

Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.

The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...

Im Focus: Tracing down linear ubiquitination

Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.

Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...

Im Focus: Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance

Layered 2D material improves efficiency for solar cells and LEDs

In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...

Im Focus: Polymer-coated silicon nanosheets as alternative to graphene: A perfect team for nanoelectronics

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...

Im Focus: Researchers Imitate Molecular Crowding in Cells

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

International Land Use Symposium ILUS 2017: Call for Abstracts and Registration open

20.03.2017 | Event News

CONNECT 2017: International congress on connective tissue

14.03.2017 | Event News

ICTM Conference: Turbine Construction between Big Data and Additive Manufacturing

07.03.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Northern oceans pumped CO2 into the atmosphere

27.03.2017 | Earth Sciences

Fingerprint' technique spots frog populations at risk from pollution

27.03.2017 | Life Sciences

Big data approach to predict protein structure

27.03.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>