A novel prototype light meter has been developed by researchers in New York. Published today in the Institute of Physics journal, Measurement Science and Technology, this new retinal flux density meter will provide an affordable tool for measuring light at all levels and might ultimately lead to new standards to improve both energy efficiency and safety at night.
The retina in the eye detects light using cells called rods and cones. At high light levels, such as in daylight, the cones detect the light, but when there is very little light, such as on a moonless night, the eye uses the rods for vision. Rods are positioned away from the central axis of the retina which means that in very low light you have to look slightly to the side of something in order to see it. Current ways of measuring how much light is present, for setting standards in offices and schools for example, only relate to cones. This means that in low light levels, where both rods and cones are operating, measurements of how much light is present are inaccurate. This is reflected in the practical and inexpensive nature of current more primitive light meters.
Now researchers from the Lighting Researcher Center at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York have developed a new light meter that accurately characterises this shift from rod to cone vision and that is cheaper and less bulky than the very expensive and sensitive instruments that are only practical for use in a laboratory.
Alice Bows | alphagalileo
Further Improvement of Qubit Lifetime for Quantum Computers
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Electron highway inside crystal
09.12.2016 | Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
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In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
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