The annual event is organised in Europe every three years and this year’s edition – organised in Brussels from 5 to 8 September 2007 – focuses on computational developments in physics ranging from electronic structure computations to simulations in astrophysics.
Of the more than thirty Actions active in COST’s Materials, Physics and NanoSciences (MPNS), three are particularly involved in the event and will showcase their work to the more than 400 participants expected to participate.
COST Action P10 “Physics of Risk” relates to understanding the phenomenology of risk through the study of dynamic features and interactions that influence the onset of extreme events within society. This COST Action will feature recent work carried out by physicists concerned with the nature of societal income distributions based on elementary agent models at the conference. This work sheds light on the underlying competitive processes that cause such distributions to remain more or less constant over time and across different societies and poses challenges to those who advocate extreme egalitarian redistributions.
COST Action P13 “Forging the missing link: From Molecular Simulations to Nanoscale Experiments” contributes with two central conference sessions covering topics such as applications of computational methods, soft matter systems and solids and clusters. These topics are the core of the Action since its main objective is to initiate a concerted European effort to develop novel computational tools to model matter at the nanoscale: the regime where advanced computation and modern experimental techniques meet.
Finally, COST Action P19 “Multiscale Modeling of Materials” will organise a session in which the recent advances related to the theoretical and practical aspects of the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) are addressed through a presentation of the recent developments in research performed by the Institute of Energy Technology - ETH Zurich; CUI – Scientific & Parallel Computing group - University of Geneva and the University of Lyon - INSA Lyon – CREATIS.
Highest-energy cosmic rays have extragalactic origin
25.09.2017 | CNRS
NASA'S OSIRIS-REx spacecraft slingshots past Earth
25.09.2017 | NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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