The annual event is organised in Europe every three years and this year’s edition – organised in Brussels from 5 to 8 September 2007 – focuses on computational developments in physics ranging from electronic structure computations to simulations in astrophysics.
Of the more than thirty Actions active in COST’s Materials, Physics and NanoSciences (MPNS), three are particularly involved in the event and will showcase their work to the more than 400 participants expected to participate.
COST Action P10 “Physics of Risk” relates to understanding the phenomenology of risk through the study of dynamic features and interactions that influence the onset of extreme events within society. This COST Action will feature recent work carried out by physicists concerned with the nature of societal income distributions based on elementary agent models at the conference. This work sheds light on the underlying competitive processes that cause such distributions to remain more or less constant over time and across different societies and poses challenges to those who advocate extreme egalitarian redistributions.
COST Action P13 “Forging the missing link: From Molecular Simulations to Nanoscale Experiments” contributes with two central conference sessions covering topics such as applications of computational methods, soft matter systems and solids and clusters. These topics are the core of the Action since its main objective is to initiate a concerted European effort to develop novel computational tools to model matter at the nanoscale: the regime where advanced computation and modern experimental techniques meet.
Finally, COST Action P19 “Multiscale Modeling of Materials” will organise a session in which the recent advances related to the theoretical and practical aspects of the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) are addressed through a presentation of the recent developments in research performed by the Institute of Energy Technology - ETH Zurich; CUI – Scientific & Parallel Computing group - University of Geneva and the University of Lyon - INSA Lyon – CREATIS.
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Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.
This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...
Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion
Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...
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