Poland is the fourth European Cooperating State (ECS) following Hungary (April 2003), Czech Republic (November 2003) and Romania (February 2006). Poland was one of the first Eastern European countries to conclude a Cooperation Agreement with ESA in the field of the peaceful use of outer space, signed in 1994, followed by another one in January 2002.
Poland has a long-standing tradition in space activities. Polish institutions have participated as Co-investigators in almost all the ESA Science projects: Ulysses; ISO (archive data); SOHO; XMM (observing time; sarchive); Cluster; Double Star; Huygens; Mars Express; Herschel (hardware for the HIFI instrument); Planck; XEUS; Integral; Rosetta and BepiColombo. Polish researchers have also had some activities related to the ExoMars rover instruments. Polish Principal Investigators are very active with the utilisation of Envisat data. Training and several fellowships at ESA and Members States establishments have been granted to Polish students. Several students are currently involved in the ESA educational project known as the Student Space Exploration and Technology Initiative (SSETI).
This signing of the ECS Agreement and the upcoming PECS (Plan for European Cooperating State) Charter represents a new milestone in the relations between Poland and ESA, as Poland will now be able to participate in almost all ESA programmes and activities.
During the coming months Poland will define, together with ESA, the specific areas and projects for cooperation. The PECS Charter will have to be subscribed within one year.
Anabelle Fonseca Colomb | alfa
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More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
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Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
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The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
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