The prestigious journal, "Physical Review Letters", one of the most important in the field of physics, has published three articles that summarise the findings of the team. The last of these articles may be consulted in the new issue of the journal - number 98. The thorough control and knowledge of the properties boron nitride opens the door to the design of new materials based on this compound and, likewise, has implications in other fields such as biology.
Boron nitride (BN) is a binary compound of the element boron which consists of equal proportions of boron and nitrogen and is used for coatings in reactors and insulation materials. At a nano level, according to what Ángel Rubio’s group has been able to characterise, the compound has excellent electronic and mechanical properties such as high resistance, and can emit blue light, i.e. a wavelength shorter than red, thus augmenting storage capacity in applications for optoelectronic devices such as DVD, aerials and lasers. Moreover, it forms macroscopic structures (nanostructured molecular solids) through weak, van der Waals-type interactions, which, fundamentally, are in other fields of knowledge, particularly biology and supramolecular chemistry, where molecular self-assembly is dictated by these type of interactions.
The UPV/EHU team has shown, on the one hand, the role played by these weak (van der Waals-type) interactions in the stability of these BN nanostructures  and, on the other, the properties of absorption and emission of blue light and near ultraviolet , properties that are also the subject of this latest research . The results are also relevant in the understanding of the properties of other carbon compounds (nanotubes, graphene) in fields such as nanoelectronics, photonics and materials for biomedical applications (sensors, biological labels, etc). All these fields are of great current scientific interest throughout the world and great advances are expected in the short and medium term.
Collaborating on this research with Ángel Rubio, who recently received the DuPont Science Award for his notable theoretical contributions to in the field of nanoscience and molecular nanotechnology, were doctors Ludger Wirtz, Andrea Marini, Jorge Serrano and Pablo García, as well as experimental teams from Japan and Grenoble. First-Principle Description of Correlation Effects in Layered Materials, A. Marini, P. García-González and A. Rubio, Physical Review Letters 96, 136404 - 4 (2006)
 Vibrational properties of Hexagonal Boron Nitride: Inelastic X-ray Scattering and ab initio Calculations, J. Serrano, A. Bosak, R. Arenal, M. Krisch, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, H. Kanda, A. Rubio and L. Wirtz, Physical Review Letters 98, 095503 - 1,4 (2007)
Irati Kortabitarte | alfa
NASA's James Webb Space Telescope completes final cryogenic testing
21.11.2017 | NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Previous evidence of water on mars now identified as grainflows
21.11.2017 | US Geological Survey
The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.
Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
15.11.2017 | Event News
15.11.2017 | Event News
30.10.2017 | Event News
21.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
21.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
21.11.2017 | Life Sciences