Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Swedish solar telescope bursts dream barrier

18.11.2002


Part of the sunspot group near disk center


The first pictures from the new Swedish solar telescope on La Palma, Canary Islands, are presented in an article in the prestigious science journal Nature from November 14. The images of the sun are the most detailed ever seen. One of the most sensational discoveries is a previously unknown detailed sunspot structure.

The impact of this discovery is now capturing the attention of solar researchers, and it won`t be long before new and revised theories are formulated.

The solar telescope was designed and built in Sweden and is run by the Institute for Solar Research at the Royal Academy of Science. It boasts a lens one meter in diameter and is specially constructed to cope with problems of movement in the air and atmosphere, which normally disturb in the image. All air has been pumped out of the telescope tube, and a mirror in the path of light changes shape roughly a thousand times per second to counteract disturbances from the atmosphere. This means that the pictures are the sharpest ever taken of the sun. The resolution would allow the bottom line of eye-test charts to be read from a distance of 3 km.



The new images show narrow dark cores in the threadlike structures surrounding the dark part of a sunspot. The nature of these cores is still unknown. Sunspots are areas with highly concentrated magnetic fields. The sun¢s magnetic fields can have a major impact on the function of telecommunications and satellites.

Images and films from the new solar telescope can be downloaded from:
http://www.solarphysics.kva.se/NatureNov2002 or http://www.solarphysics.kva.se


Note: Observatories in space that study the sun are equipped with telescopes that are too small to compete with the land-based Swedish telescope in terms of resolution. They, on the other hand, can detect radiation that does not penetrate to the surface of the earth, thus complementing our picture of the sun. Observations from earth, however, are easily marred by movements in the atmosphere and require extremely stable air. The observation site atop the extinct volcano on La Palma can be regarded as the best in the world for a solar telescope. The island of La Palma should not be confused with the city of Las Palmas on Gran Canaria.

Agneta Paulsson | alfa
Further information:
http://www.su.se
http://www.solarphysics.kva.se/NatureNov2002
http://www.solarphysics.kva.se

More articles from Physics and Astronomy:

nachricht New NASA study improves search for habitable worlds
20.10.2017 | NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

nachricht Physics boosts artificial intelligence methods
19.10.2017 | California Institute of Technology

All articles from Physics and Astronomy >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Neutron star merger directly observed for the first time

University of Maryland researchers contribute to historic detection of gravitational waves and light created by event

On August 17, 2017, at 12:41:04 UTC, scientists made the first direct observation of a merger between two neutron stars--the dense, collapsed cores that remain...

Im Focus: Breaking: the first light from two neutron stars merging

Seven new papers describe the first-ever detection of light from a gravitational wave source. The event, caused by two neutron stars colliding and merging together, was dubbed GW170817 because it sent ripples through space-time that reached Earth on 2017 August 17. Around the world, hundreds of excited astronomers mobilized quickly and were able to observe the event using numerous telescopes, providing a wealth of new data.

Previous detections of gravitational waves have all involved the merger of two black holes, a feat that won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics earlier this month....

Im Focus: Smart sensors for efficient processes

Material defects in end products can quickly result in failures in many areas of industry, and have a massive impact on the safe use of their products. This is why, in the field of quality assurance, intelligent, nondestructive sensor systems play a key role. They allow testing components and parts in a rapid and cost-efficient manner without destroying the actual product or changing its surface. Experts from the Fraunhofer IZFP in Saarbrücken will be presenting two exhibits at the Blechexpo in Stuttgart from 7–10 November 2017 that allow fast, reliable, and automated characterization of materials and detection of defects (Hall 5, Booth 5306).

When quality testing uses time-consuming destructive test methods, it can result in enormous costs due to damaging or destroying the products. And given that...

Im Focus: Cold molecules on collision course

Using a new cooling technique MPQ scientists succeed at observing collisions in a dense beam of cold and slow dipolar molecules.

How do chemical reactions proceed at extremely low temperatures? The answer requires the investigation of molecular samples that are cold, dense, and slow at...

Im Focus: Shrinking the proton again!

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, using high precision laser spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen, confirm the surprisingly small value of the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen.

It was one of the breakthroughs of the year 2010: Laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen resulted in a value for the proton charge radius that was significantly...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ASEAN Member States discuss the future role of renewable energy

17.10.2017 | Event News

World Health Summit 2017: International experts set the course for the future of Global Health

10.10.2017 | Event News

Climate Engineering Conference 2017 Opens in Berlin

10.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Terahertz spectroscopy goes nano

20.10.2017 | Information Technology

Strange but true: Turning a material upside down can sometimes make it softer

20.10.2017 | Materials Sciences

NRL clarifies valley polarization for electronic and optoelectronic technologies

20.10.2017 | Interdisciplinary Research

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>