On the one side, there are tiny fragments of diamond. Besides carbon diamond contains other atoms as natural impurities. These impurity atoms or so-called colour centres are responsible for the yellow or blue colours of natural diamond.
a) Sketch of the direct laser writing process. A femtosecond laser beam is focussed into the photoresist in order to polymerize well defined 3D structures. (b) Scanning electron micrograph of such a structure after development containing several key photonic elements, such as waveguides, couplers and microdisc resonators. Scale bar is 5 µm. Figure: Oliver Benson
(a) Sketch of the experimental configuration. The excitation spot is scanned over the resonator disc. Photons are detected at both waveguide outputs simultaneously. (b) Photon counts collected at one end of the waveguide while scanning the excitation spot with a second objective. The circle highlights the position of a single NV-centre. Shape distortions are due to non closed-loop piezo-scanning. Scale bar is 5 µm. Figure: Oliver Benson
Due to their very small size of only a few millionths of a millimetre, some of the diamond fragments contained only a single colour centre, which could be excited optically with the help of laser light. The colour centre releases its energy by emission of single quanta of light, or photons, which are thus generated in a controlled way one-by-one.
The researchers now mixed the diamond fragments with a special photo resist. A focussed laser beam irradiating the resist layer induced local polymerisation, i.e. the resist was turned into plastic. In this way it was possible to write nearly arbitrary three-dimensional structures, which contain single diamond fragments with single colour centres. The research team at first fabricated optical waveguides and resonators for efficient collection and routing of the photons emitted from the colour centres.
Constanze Haase | idw
Astronomers release most complete ultraviolet-light survey of nearby galaxies
18.05.2018 | NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
A quantum entanglement between two physically separated ultra-cold atomic clouds
17.05.2018 | University of the Basque Country
So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics
Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...
The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. A...
A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. This fundamental demonstration could lead to the development of highly sensitive optical gradiometers for the precise measurement of the gravitational field or the earth's magnetic field.
The age of quantum technology has long been heralded. Decades of research into the quantum world have led to the development of methods that make it possible...
Cardiovascular tissue engineering aims to treat heart disease with prostheses that grow and regenerate. Now, researchers from the University of Zurich, the Technical University Eindhoven and the Charité Berlin have successfully implanted regenerative heart valves, designed with the aid of computer simulations, into sheep for the first time.
Producing living tissue or organs based on human cells is one of the main research fields in regenerative medicine. Tissue engineering, which involves growing...
A team of scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg investigated optically-induced superconductivity in the alkali-doped fulleride K3C60under high external pressures. This study allowed, on one hand, to uniquely assess the nature of the transient state as a superconducting phase. In addition, it unveiled the possibility to induce superconductivity in K3C60 at temperatures far above the -170 degrees Celsius hypothesized previously, and rather all the way to room temperature. The paper by Cantaluppi et al has been published in Nature Physics.
Unlike ordinary metals, superconductors have the unique capability of transporting electrical currents without any loss. Nowadays, their technological...
02.05.2018 | Event News
13.04.2018 | Event News
12.04.2018 | Event News
18.05.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering
18.05.2018 | Information Technology
18.05.2018 | Information Technology