University of Haifa researchers present a novel answer to one of the most intriguing questions of theoretical physics
*The innovative study by Dr. Maya Lincoln and Dr. Avi Wasser harnesses the field of information systems to explain one of the most fascinating cosmological phenomena – “Creation ex Nihilo”*
What was there before the Big-Bang? Is a creation of the Universe out of nothing possible? Questions regarding the formation of the Universe and ‘what was there’ before it came to existence have been of great interest to mankind at all times. Several suggestions have been presented during the ages – mostly assuming a preliminary state prior to creation. Nevertheless, such theories cannot be considered complete, as they lack an explanation of what created the initial, pre-creation, conditions.
An innovative theory presented by Dr. Maya Lincoln and Dr. Avi Wasser from the University of Haifa in Israel provides an answer to this ancient scientific conundrum. The theory, “Creation ex Nihilo” (CEN), was recently published at Elsevier’s prestigious periodical Physics of the Dark Universe, presenting a breakthrough in theoretical physics. The research is based on information systems research principles– the field of expertise of both authors. This distinctive approach has attracted the attention of the theoretical physics research community- featuring an “off the matrix” solution for one the most intriguing mysteries of nature.
Currently, the most commonly accepted theory for the Universe creation is the Big-Bang theory, stating that the Universe has expanded from a dense singular point which contained all presently existing material and energy. Following the Big-Bang, the Universe was formed along with the physical dimensions of space and time. Yet, the Big-Bang theory lacks a definitive formation point since it assumes a preliminary physical state, without explaining how this unique state was formed. To overcome this deficiency, some physical theories have suggested that the Universe was created out of nothing, but while each defined “nothing” differently, this nothing was not free from substance or matter.
However, only now, and surprisingly from a field that seems very far from cosmology and dark matter physics, a new theory arrives and explains how the tangible reality has emerged from the nothingness. The surprising field is the research of information systems. "There are theories which refer to the existing Universe as an independent information system that is operated by a software that writes itself. That is to say, it is possible to envision a ‘source code’ according to which the laws of physics are being managed," explains Dr. Lincoln how she and Dr. Wasser came to think about the creation of the Universe.
These scholars show how in terms of information systems, it is possible to present "nothing" as a system which consists of infinite information elements and infinite anti-information elements that coexist simultaneously and therefore cancel each other. Therefore, such “nothing system” results in no material, no energy, and as a matter of fact, a no physical existence of anything in terms of information. According to the new theory, prior to the formation of the Universe, this system was symmetrical, with infinite items of information and anti-information nullifying one another. However, according to a commonly known phenomenon in physics, such systems are prone to a "Spontaneous Symmetry Break" (SSB), when the unequal number of bits at each bit group destabilizes the information balance. This breaking generates information which results in energy and by that transforms the information system from a "nothing system" into a material system. At this point the “Creation Ex Nihilo” (CEN) theory converges with the Big-Bang theory and other common theories in this field, from the stage in which the Universe becomes material.
"Nowadays there are also physical phenomena in the Universe, which demonstrate creation ex nihilo, and by that reinforce our theory regarding the spontaneous breakings of symmetry among information and anti-information elements. According to our theory, the Universe is a self-excited machine that “produces” information and knows to read the "code of nature" and in this way goes on manufacturing more and more changes and more and more new information'" indicates Dr. Lincoln.
The newly innovative theory explains additional phenomena of theoretical physics, part of which have been considered unsolvable until today, such as the sources of the second law of thermodynamics, the phenomenon related to quantum physics regarding the creation of virtual particles in the vacuum, the phenomenon of matter and anti-matter, and other phenomena the scholars intend to explain in further studies.
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Ilan Yavelberg | University of Haifa
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