Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

When the Brain is High and Dry

20.09.2016

Previously, the cause of the illness was often unknown. Neurosurgeons in Bern have now simultaneously found the cause of spontaneous intracranial hypotension and the solution. After ten years of research, they now describe their discovery in Neurology.

Fluid protects our brains and spinal cords. If it is lost and can no longer be reproduced, the brain is literally high and dry. Those affected will then suffer from severe headaches that are only relieved by lying down. Affected patients can develop nausea, stiffness in the neck, spells of dizziness, inability to work and dangerous bleeding. This condition frequently occurs spontaneously and with no apparent cause.


A calcified microspur cuts open the nervous tissue cover (dura) like a sharp knife. Cerebrospinal fluid then leaks when standing up and those affected suffer the worst headaches.

Department of Neurosurgery, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital

Tiny Spurs Damage the Nervous Tissue Cover

Using the latest imaging processes and microsurgery, neurosurgeons, neuroradiologists and neurologists at the University Neurocenter in Bern have found tiny, calcified extensions of intervertebral discs on the spines of people affected. These spurs bore holes in the nervous tissue cover (dura) that protects the cerebrospinal fluid.

The resulting leak was found in most patients in the thoracic spine or the lower cervical spine. In a study, the doctors examined 14 of 69 patients with particularly persistent cases of the illness using microneurosurgery. In all patients operated on, the spur could be removed immediatelty after diagnosis and the leak could be stopped.

Diagnosis and Cure in One Operation

Study director Jürgen Beck describes the discovery as a turning point for the patients: “The illness is often severe and severely debilitating. Now we have been able to show how the leaks occur within the system and at the same time provide a solution. This is attracting patients from all over the world.“

The success rate of the new operation method speaks for itself: The neurosurgeons in Bern were able to cure 93 per cent of patients with microspurs. As a result, they are already receiving one third of their referrals from abroad. Beck dedicates one day a week just to patients suffering from intracranial hypotension. In spring 2016, he convened the first international congress on the topic in Oberhofen. Today, his study appears as a “landmark article“ on the front cover of specialist journal Neurology.

Contact:
Prof. Dr. med. Jürgen Beck, Physician-in-Chief, Department of Neurosurgery, Bern University Hospital, +41 79 457 22 42, Juergen.Beck@insel.ch.

Weitere Informationen:

http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2016/08/26/WNL.0000000000003122

Monika Kugemann | Universitätsspital Bern
Further information:
http://www.insel.ch

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht 3D images of cancer cells in the body: Medical physicists from Halle present new method
16.05.2018 | Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

nachricht Better equipped in the fight against lung cancer
16.05.2018 | Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Explanation for puzzling quantum oscillations has been found

So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics

Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...

Im Focus: Dozens of binaries from Milky Way's globular clusters could be detectable by LISA

Next-generation gravitational wave detector in space will complement LIGO on Earth

The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. A...

Im Focus: Entangled atoms shine in unison

A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. This fundamental demonstration could lead to the development of highly sensitive optical gradiometers for the precise measurement of the gravitational field or the earth's magnetic field.

The age of quantum technology has long been heralded. Decades of research into the quantum world have led to the development of methods that make it possible...

Im Focus: Computer-Designed Customized Regenerative Heart Valves

Cardiovascular tissue engineering aims to treat heart disease with prostheses that grow and regenerate. Now, researchers from the University of Zurich, the Technical University Eindhoven and the Charité Berlin have successfully implanted regenerative heart valves, designed with the aid of computer simulations, into sheep for the first time.

Producing living tissue or organs based on human cells is one of the main research fields in regenerative medicine. Tissue engineering, which involves growing...

Im Focus: Light-induced superconductivity under high pressure

A team of scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg investigated optically-induced superconductivity in the alkali-doped fulleride K3C60under high external pressures. This study allowed, on one hand, to uniquely assess the nature of the transient state as a superconducting phase. In addition, it unveiled the possibility to induce superconductivity in K3C60 at temperatures far above the -170 degrees Celsius hypothesized previously, and rather all the way to room temperature. The paper by Cantaluppi et al has been published in Nature Physics.

Unlike ordinary metals, superconductors have the unique capability of transporting electrical currents without any loss. Nowadays, their technological...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Save the date: Forum European Neuroscience – 07-11 July 2018 in Berlin, Germany

02.05.2018 | Event News

Invitation to the upcoming "Current Topics in Bioinformatics: Big Data in Genomics and Medicine"

13.04.2018 | Event News

Unique scope of UV LED technologies and applications presented in Berlin: ICULTA-2018

12.04.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Supersonic waves may help electronics beat the heat

18.05.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Keeping a Close Eye on Ice Loss

18.05.2018 | Information Technology

CrowdWater: An App for Flood Research

18.05.2018 | Information Technology

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>