Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Warning systems can prevent suicide among young men with substance abuse

14.01.2009
If suicide among young men living with substance abuse is to be prevented it is not enough to focus on the individual client.

A common warning system for paramedics, care centres and social services has to be developed according to Stian Biong, who has defended his thesis at the Nordic School of Public Health in Gothenburg, Sweden.

If the number of life-threatening overdoses is to be reduced, it will necessitate structural support in the form of political goals and superior controlling, says Stian Biong. He has worked as a nurse in Oslo for more than 20 years.

Phenomenon I saw in my work was what made me interested in doing research, he says.

His thesis Between death as escape and the dream of life- Psychosocial dimensions of health in young men living with substance abuse and suicidal behaviour is mainly based on personal narratives from in-depth interviews with young Norwegian men and emergency care and social services in Oslo. It shows that the system perspective is important at several different levels.

The Norwegian health personnel act requires cooperation with social welfare services but that is not happening in these cases, says Stian Biong.

Stian Biong claims that the possibilities for transferring information about an individual in Norway have to be investigated. Sweden has no corresponding legislation. There is however a pronounced political goal, a “zero-vision” when it comes to suicide, that sends clear signals to those in charge and personnel.

Stian Biong is of the opinion that in order for people to be able to work constructively with ethical challenges the system moreover has to make sure that the concerned personnel is given sufficient support in the form of guidance and feed-back.

Stigmatization and marginalization can be reduced by the language used when describing the group’s problem, Stian Biong points out.

His results indicate that there is indeed a connection between language, the client’s sense of self and suicidal behaviour.

When your existence is seen as a balance between death as a liberator from pain and the dream of life, the course of events can be affected in a positive way if the individual sees that there are sufficient resources available for receiving economic and social support.

The system perspective also has a cultural aspect, in how masculinity is expressed. The existing ideals in society affect the suicide behaviour of this group.

It seems as if this is a particular challenge for people with non-western backgrounds, says Stian Biong.

The reason is because they have to handle different ideals simultaneously.
Thesis title: Between death as escape and the dream of life – Psychosocial dimensions of health in young men living with substance abuse and suicidal behaviour

The thesis can be purchased for SEK 150 (exclusive of postage): kirsi.gomes@nhv.se

Monica Bengtson | alfa
Further information:
http://www.nhv.se

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Team discovers how bacteria exploit a chink in the body's armor
20.01.2017 | University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

nachricht Rabies viruses reveal wiring in transparent brains
19.01.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Traffic jam in empty space

New success for Konstanz physicists in studying the quantum vacuum

An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Sustainable Water use in Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

19.01.2017 | Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Helmholtz International Fellow Award for Sarah Amalia Teichmann

20.01.2017 | Awards Funding

An innovative high-performance material: biofibers made from green lacewing silk

20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences

Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia — Non-invasive alternative to catheter-based surgery

20.01.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>