Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Warning systems can prevent suicide among young men with substance abuse

14.01.2009
If suicide among young men living with substance abuse is to be prevented it is not enough to focus on the individual client.

A common warning system for paramedics, care centres and social services has to be developed according to Stian Biong, who has defended his thesis at the Nordic School of Public Health in Gothenburg, Sweden.

If the number of life-threatening overdoses is to be reduced, it will necessitate structural support in the form of political goals and superior controlling, says Stian Biong. He has worked as a nurse in Oslo for more than 20 years.

Phenomenon I saw in my work was what made me interested in doing research, he says.

His thesis Between death as escape and the dream of life- Psychosocial dimensions of health in young men living with substance abuse and suicidal behaviour is mainly based on personal narratives from in-depth interviews with young Norwegian men and emergency care and social services in Oslo. It shows that the system perspective is important at several different levels.

The Norwegian health personnel act requires cooperation with social welfare services but that is not happening in these cases, says Stian Biong.

Stian Biong claims that the possibilities for transferring information about an individual in Norway have to be investigated. Sweden has no corresponding legislation. There is however a pronounced political goal, a “zero-vision” when it comes to suicide, that sends clear signals to those in charge and personnel.

Stian Biong is of the opinion that in order for people to be able to work constructively with ethical challenges the system moreover has to make sure that the concerned personnel is given sufficient support in the form of guidance and feed-back.

Stigmatization and marginalization can be reduced by the language used when describing the group’s problem, Stian Biong points out.

His results indicate that there is indeed a connection between language, the client’s sense of self and suicidal behaviour.

When your existence is seen as a balance between death as a liberator from pain and the dream of life, the course of events can be affected in a positive way if the individual sees that there are sufficient resources available for receiving economic and social support.

The system perspective also has a cultural aspect, in how masculinity is expressed. The existing ideals in society affect the suicide behaviour of this group.

It seems as if this is a particular challenge for people with non-western backgrounds, says Stian Biong.

The reason is because they have to handle different ideals simultaneously.
Thesis title: Between death as escape and the dream of life – Psychosocial dimensions of health in young men living with substance abuse and suicidal behaviour

The thesis can be purchased for SEK 150 (exclusive of postage): kirsi.gomes@nhv.se

Monica Bengtson | alfa
Further information:
http://www.nhv.se

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht 'Living bandages': NUST MISIS scientists develop biocompatible anti-burn nanofibers
16.02.2018 | National University of Science and Technology MISIS

nachricht New process allows tailor-made malaria research
16.02.2018 | Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: In best circles: First integrated circuit from self-assembled polymer

For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.

In the self-assembly process, the semiconducting polymer arranges itself into an ordered monolayer in a transistor. The transistors are binary switches used...

Im Focus: Demonstration of a single molecule piezoelectric effect

Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale

Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...

Im Focus: Hybrid optics bring color imaging using ultrathin metalenses into focus

For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.

But today's glass-based lenses are bulky and resist miniaturization. Next-generation technologies, such as ultrathin cameras or tiny microscopes, require...

Im Focus: Stem cell divisions in the adult brain seen for the first time

Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.

The generation of new nerve cells was once thought to taper off at the end of embryonic development. However, recent research has shown that the adult brain...

Im Focus: Interference as a new method for cooling quantum devices

Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. Study published in Physical Review Letters

Quantum computer parts are sensitive and need to be cooled to very low temperatures. Their tiny size makes them particularly susceptible to a temperature...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs)

15.02.2018 | Event News

Aachen DC Grid Summit 2018

13.02.2018 | Event News

How Global Climate Policy Can Learn from the Energy Transition

12.02.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Contacting the molecular world through graphene nanoribbons

19.02.2018 | Materials Sciences

When Proteins Shake Hands

19.02.2018 | Materials Sciences

Cells communicate in a dynamic code

19.02.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>