Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Better treatment of atrial fibrillation and its risks

16.08.2010
The earlier that patients who suffer from atrial fibrillation obtain the correct treatment, the lower is the risk of serious secondary effects such as stroke. A thesis presented at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, shows that a well-established measurement score can easily assess the risks for this patient group.

The function of the heart is affected if it is subject to atrial fibrillation for a long period. It becomes successively more difficult to restore and maintain the normal heart rhythm, and ever more difficult to treat. This can in turn lead to serious secondary effects for the patient.

Scientists have investigated how the score known as the CHADS2 score was correlated with the risk of being affected by stroke in patients with acute coronary syndromes and with or without atrial fibrillation. The CHADS2 score is used for the evaluation of stroke risk in patients with atrial fibrillation and it is based on the presence of Congestive heart failure, Hypertension (high blood pressure), Age of 75 years or older, Diabetes and previous Stroke.

Each above mention component gives one score, while stroke 2. According to guidelines, patients with score 2 or higher are candidates for permanent treatment with oral anticoagulation. A total of 2,335 patients with acute coronary syndromes, including myocardial infarction, were studied. Of these, 442 had atrial fibrillation.

"We found that the higher CHADS2 score was, the greater were the risk to be affected by stroke during long-term follow-up, and the risks of early (30-days) or long-term death. We also noticed in our investigation that this score was well applied and the results correlated even in patients with acute coronary syndromes and without atrial fibrillation. This means that the score, the CHADS2 score, may help to identify patients with high risk for subsequent stroke or death” says Dritan Poçi.

He believes that such a risk assessment should be made by the healthcare system for patients who have previously known atrial fibrillation, and for patients in whom it is discovered and newly diagnosed. This might be done independently of atrial fibrillation even in patients showing symptoms of myocardial infarction.

"It would increase the possibility of identifying and treating important risk factors. Such an individual treatment of these categories of patients may reduce the risk of subsequent diseases and increases the survival of patients", suggests Dritan Poçi.

ATRIAL FIBRILLATION
Atrial fibrillation is a common disturbance of heart rhythm that is found in approximately 2% of the population. It is expected that the incidence will double between now and 2050. In about 30% of cases, atrial fibrillation has unidentified reason. Hypertension and coronary artery disease (ischemic heart disease) are known to cause the condition.

Atrial fibrillation can be treated by drugs, invasive – ablation - procedures and surgery.

For more information, contact:
Dritan Poçi, senior Consultant in Cardiology at Örebro University Hospital
Mob: +46 707142614,
e-mail:dritan_poci@yahoo.com

Helena Aaberg | idw
Further information:
http://hdl.handle.net/2077/21927
http://www.gu.se/

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht New High-Performance Center Translational Medical Engineering
26.04.2017 | Fraunhofer ITEM

nachricht A promising target for kidney fibrosis
21.04.2017 | Brigham and Women's Hospital

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Making lightweight construction suitable for series production

More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.

Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...

Im Focus: Wonder material? Novel nanotube structure strengthens thin films for flexible electronics

Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.

"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...

Im Focus: Deep inside Galaxy M87

The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.

Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...

Im Focus: A Quantum Low Pass for Photons

Physicists in Garching observe novel quantum effect that limits the number of emitted photons.

The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...

Im Focus: Microprocessors based on a layer of just three atoms

Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.

Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Expert meeting “Health Business Connect” will connect international medical technology companies

20.04.2017 | Event News

Wenn der Computer das Gehirn austrickst

18.04.2017 | Event News

7th International Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics in Freiburg on April 3-5, 2017

03.04.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Link Discovered between Immune System, Brain Structure and Memory

26.04.2017 | Life Sciences

New survey hints at exotic origin for the Cold Spot

26.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

NASA examines newly formed Tropical Depression 3W in 3-D

26.04.2017 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>