Specifically, cardiovascular emergencies, such as ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI/unstable angina, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), acute aortic dissection (AAD), abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), stroke and acute decompensated heart failure, may benefit from regionalized systems of care.
Over the past decade, the Minneapolis Heart Institute® (MHI) at Abbott Northwestern Hospital has implemented regional systems of care for STEMI, OHCA, AAD, non-STEMI and AAA, instituting clinical programs and a supportive network that reflect a burgeoning framework of a regional cardiovascular emergencies system. Regional systems of care such as these have helped lead to the formation of the nationwide program Mission Lifeline initiative from the American Heart Association, which has developed certification criteria for STEMI referral and receiving centers.
"Through our work implementing guideline driven protocols for cardiovascular systems of care, we have learned that up to 20% of patients treated for these diagnoses will require more than one protocol," said the study's co-author Craig E. Strauss, MD, MPH, a cardiologist at MHI® and physician researcher with the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation. For example, a STEMI patient also may experience an OHCA, and require therapeutic hypothermia. "There are commonalities across the cardiovascular emergencies and there is value in bringing those together under one umbrella."
The model, proposed in this article, for a cardiovascular emergency system is a series of clinical programs anchored by a cardiovascular emergency receiving center and fortified by an integrated network of partnered community hospitals and EMS providers, as well as a landscape of infrastructure elements that provide essential center- and system-level support.
Strauss stressed that rapid diagnosis, effective care coordination with the local EMS providers and physicians, and appropriate follow-up care are among the most important components of implementing a regional system of care. "Particularly with managing patients after an acute cardiovascular event, caregivers must communicate and educate patients about appropriate follow up with their local providers, as well as the importance of medication adherence, both of which have been shown to reduce readmissions," he said.
The authors acknowledged that the current U.S. healthcare system is "fragmented and inefficient," which has historically created barriers to rapid diagnosis and treatment at all levels of cardiovascular care. To overcome these challenges, they recommended the implementation of regional cardiovascular emergency systems that have the potential to improve clinical outcomes; to provide ongoing education for patients, providers and the community; and to serve as a foundation for cost-effective care through the future development of cardiovascular accountable care organizations.
This work was supported by the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation.
Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation
The Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation is dedicated to creating a world without heart disease through groundbreaking clinical research and innovative education programs. MHIF's mission is to promote and improve cardiovascular health, quality of life and longevity for all.
Minneapolis Heart Institute®
The Minneapolis Heart Institute® is recognized internationally as one of the world's leading providers of heart and vascular care. This state-of-the-art facility combines the finest in personalized patient care with sophisticated technology in a unique, family-oriented environment. The Institute's programs, a number of which are conducted in conjunction with Abbott Northwestern Hospital, address the full range of heart and vascular health needs: prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation.
Kristin Wincek | EurekAlert!
Satellites, airport visibility readings shed light on troops' exposure to air pollution
09.12.2016 | Veterans Affairs Research Communications
Oxygen can wake up dormant bacteria for antibiotic attacks
08.12.2016 | Penn State
Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
09.12.2016 | Life Sciences
09.12.2016 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation
09.12.2016 | Health and Medicine