Results of this Novartis-sponsored sudy will be presented by a researcher from Fox Chase Cancer Center during the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology on Sunday, June 3.
The compound LDK378, developed by Novartis, targets ALK—a key cancer gene in a subset of lung cancer, lymphoma and the childhood cancer neuroblastoma, and may be associated with other cancers, including breast and colorectal cancer. The study's authors looked at patients with ALK+ lung cancer, as well as other ALK+ solid tumors. Early data from the phase I study show that the majority of patients treated with active doses of LDK378 responded, including those who had progressed after treatment with crizotinib.
"These results are encouraging," says study author Ranee Mehra, M.D., assistant professor and medical oncologist at Fox Chase. "They offer hope to patients who have tumors with alterations involving ALK, even if they have relapsed from previous treatments.
In its first test in people, designed to determine the compound's safety and optimal dose, 56 people with various types of ALK+ solid tumors (primarily lung cancer) were enrolled, receiving doses between 50 to 750 milligrams per day (mg/day). LDK378 was well-tolerated in most patients up to 750 mg/d, with the most common side effects being nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
"Whenever you do a trial with a drug, even if it's just designed to look for safety and dosage, you are interested in whether patients responded," says Mehra. "These results are definitely encouraging, and mean we can go forward with additional research looking at whether LDK378 is effective in various types of cancers that have alterations involving ALK."
The fact that patients appeared to tolerate LDK378 at doses up to 750 mg/d is also encouraging, she adds, since preclinical research has suggested this dose would have therapeutic effects.
In the meantime, Mehra and investigators at other centers around the world are continuing to enroll patients in the trial. The next phase of the study will test the maximum tolerated dose of LDK378 in all patients enrolled.
This study was sponsored and funded by Novartis.
Mehra's co-authors include: Mehra's co-authors include: [D. Ross Camidge (University of Colorado, Denver, CO), Sunil Sharma (Huntsman Cancer Center, Salt Lake City, UT), Enriqueta Felip (Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain), Daniel Shao-Weng Tan (National Cancer Centre, Singapore, Singapore), Johan F. Vansteenkiste (University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium), Tommaso Martino De Pas (European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy), Dong-Wan Kim (Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea), Armando Santoro (Humanitas Cancer Center, Rozzano, Italy), Geoffrey Liu (Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, ON), Meredith Goldwasser (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Cambridge, MA), David Dai (Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ), Marietta Radona (Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ), Anthony Boral (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Cambridge, MA), Alice Tsang Shaw (Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Boston, MA).
Fox Chase Cancer Center is one of the leading cancer research and treatment centers in the United States. Founded in 1904 in Philadelphia as one of the nation's first cancer hospitals, Fox Chase was also among the first institutions to be designated a National Cancer Institute Comprehensive Cancer Center in 1974. Fox Chase researchers have won the highest awards in their fields, including two Nobel Prizes. Fox Chase physicians are also routinely recognized in national rankings, and the Center's nursing program has received the Magnet status for excellence three consecutive times. Today, Fox Chase conducts a broad array of nationally competitive basic, translational, and clinical research, with special programs in cancer prevention, detection, survivorship, and community outreach. For more information, visit Fox Chase's Web site at www.foxchase.org or call 1-888-FOX CHASE or (1-888-369-2427).
Diana Quattrone | EurekAlert!
Millions through license revenues
27.04.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
New High-Performance Center Translational Medical Engineering
26.04.2017 | Fraunhofer ITEM
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
28.04.2017 | Event News
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
28.04.2017 | Medical Engineering
28.04.2017 | Earth Sciences
28.04.2017 | Life Sciences