Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New therapy on the horizon for ALK+ non-small cell lung cancer

04.06.2012
A new compound that targets anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive (ALK+) non-small cell lung cancer is well-tolerated by patients and is already showing early signs of activity, including in patients who no longer respond to crizotinib—the only approved ALK inhibitor.

Results of this Novartis-sponsored sudy will be presented by a researcher from Fox Chase Cancer Center during the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology on Sunday, June 3.

The compound LDK378, developed by Novartis, targets ALK—a key cancer gene in a subset of lung cancer, lymphoma and the childhood cancer neuroblastoma, and may be associated with other cancers, including breast and colorectal cancer. The study's authors looked at patients with ALK+ lung cancer, as well as other ALK+ solid tumors. Early data from the phase I study show that the majority of patients treated with active doses of LDK378 responded, including those who had progressed after treatment with crizotinib.

"These results are encouraging," says study author Ranee Mehra, M.D., assistant professor and medical oncologist at Fox Chase. "They offer hope to patients who have tumors with alterations involving ALK, even if they have relapsed from previous treatments.

In its first test in people, designed to determine the compound's safety and optimal dose, 56 people with various types of ALK+ solid tumors (primarily lung cancer) were enrolled, receiving doses between 50 to 750 milligrams per day (mg/day). LDK378 was well-tolerated in most patients up to 750 mg/d, with the most common side effects being nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

"Whenever you do a trial with a drug, even if it's just designed to look for safety and dosage, you are interested in whether patients responded," says Mehra. "These results are definitely encouraging, and mean we can go forward with additional research looking at whether LDK378 is effective in various types of cancers that have alterations involving ALK."

The fact that patients appeared to tolerate LDK378 at doses up to 750 mg/d is also encouraging, she adds, since preclinical research has suggested this dose would have therapeutic effects.

In the meantime, Mehra and investigators at other centers around the world are continuing to enroll patients in the trial. The next phase of the study will test the maximum tolerated dose of LDK378 in all patients enrolled.

This study was sponsored and funded by Novartis.

Mehra's co-authors include: Mehra's co-authors include: [D. Ross Camidge (University of Colorado, Denver, CO), Sunil Sharma (Huntsman Cancer Center, Salt Lake City, UT), Enriqueta Felip (Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain), Daniel Shao-Weng Tan (National Cancer Centre, Singapore, Singapore), Johan F. Vansteenkiste (University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium), Tommaso Martino De Pas (European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy), Dong-Wan Kim (Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea), Armando Santoro (Humanitas Cancer Center, Rozzano, Italy), Geoffrey Liu (Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, ON), Meredith Goldwasser (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Cambridge, MA), David Dai (Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ), Marietta Radona (Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ), Anthony Boral (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Cambridge, MA), Alice Tsang Shaw (Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Boston, MA).

Fox Chase Cancer Center is one of the leading cancer research and treatment centers in the United States. Founded in 1904 in Philadelphia as one of the nation's first cancer hospitals, Fox Chase was also among the first institutions to be designated a National Cancer Institute Comprehensive Cancer Center in 1974. Fox Chase researchers have won the highest awards in their fields, including two Nobel Prizes. Fox Chase physicians are also routinely recognized in national rankings, and the Center's nursing program has received the Magnet status for excellence three consecutive times. Today, Fox Chase conducts a broad array of nationally competitive basic, translational, and clinical research, with special programs in cancer prevention, detection, survivorship, and community outreach. For more information, visit Fox Chase's Web site at www.foxchase.org or call 1-888-FOX CHASE or (1-888-369-2427).

Diana Quattrone | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.fccc.edu

Further reports about: ALK ALK+ Cancer LDK378 Nobel Prize Novartis Oncology Pharmaceuticals clinical research lung cancer

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht 'Living bandages': NUST MISIS scientists develop biocompatible anti-burn nanofibers
16.02.2018 | National University of Science and Technology MISIS

nachricht New process allows tailor-made malaria research
16.02.2018 | Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: In best circles: First integrated circuit from self-assembled polymer

For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.

In the self-assembly process, the semiconducting polymer arranges itself into an ordered monolayer in a transistor. The transistors are binary switches used...

Im Focus: Demonstration of a single molecule piezoelectric effect

Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale

Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...

Im Focus: Hybrid optics bring color imaging using ultrathin metalenses into focus

For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.

But today's glass-based lenses are bulky and resist miniaturization. Next-generation technologies, such as ultrathin cameras or tiny microscopes, require...

Im Focus: Stem cell divisions in the adult brain seen for the first time

Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.

The generation of new nerve cells was once thought to taper off at the end of embryonic development. However, recent research has shown that the adult brain...

Im Focus: Interference as a new method for cooling quantum devices

Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. Study published in Physical Review Letters

Quantum computer parts are sensitive and need to be cooled to very low temperatures. Their tiny size makes them particularly susceptible to a temperature...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs)

15.02.2018 | Event News

Aachen DC Grid Summit 2018

13.02.2018 | Event News

How Global Climate Policy Can Learn from the Energy Transition

12.02.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Contacting the molecular world through graphene nanoribbons

19.02.2018 | Materials Sciences

When Proteins Shake Hands

19.02.2018 | Materials Sciences

Cells communicate in a dynamic code

19.02.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>