Success in Inducing Natural Death of Epithelial Cancer Cells by Simultaneously Realizing Thermotherapy and Chemotherapy
Cancer treatment using the nanofiber mesh with self-heating/anticancer drug release functions.
A research team headed by Dr. Mitsuhiro Ebara, a MANA Scientist of the Biomaterials Unit (Unit Director: Takao Aoyagi) of the International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (Director-General: Masakazu Aono), National Institute for Materials Science (President: Sukekatsu Ushioda) developed a new nanofiber mesh which is capable of simultaneously realizing thermotherapy (hyperthermia) and chemotherapy (treatment with anticancer drugs) of tumors. Using this nanofiber mesh, the team succeeded in efficiently inducing natural death (apoptosis) of epithelial cancer cells.
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is an epithelial malignant tumor, and is found in many tissues. For example, SCC is thought to account for more than 90% of esophageal cancers, more than 80% of the cervical cancers, and more than 30% of lung cancers.
Mikiko Tanifuji | Research asia research news
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Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
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Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
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