The good news, say a team of tropical disease experts, is that tools now exist to eliminate these diseases, which are a lasting legacy of forced migration from Africa to the Americas.
On the 200th anniversary of the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act in England, which officially abolished the slave trade in the British Empire, a commitment to eliminating these three neglected tropical diseases would be a fitting commemoration, say Dr John Lindo (University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica) and colleagues.
“Lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis, and onchocerciasis were most likely imported to the Americas through transportation of millions of persons from sub-Saharan Africa to the New World,” say the authors. “The presence of competent vectors such as mosquitoes, snails, and black flies allowed transmission and dispersal of the parasites.” These debilitating diseases continue to take a heavy toll on the poorest communities in the Americas, most of whom are descendents of slaves.
What is needed to eliminate these diseases –a residual blight of slavery – is “dedication of financial and technical resources in a coordinated effort,” say the authors.
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21.04.2017 | Brigham and Women's Hospital
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20.04.2017 | Technische Universität München
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
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24.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
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24.04.2017 | Life Sciences