Hydrogen peroxide is usually used for cleansing scratches and cuts. However, this is not the only one possible application of this substance in medicine. The vapor of a low-concentrated peroxide solution containing oxygen radicals can be used as an inhalant for an additional treatment of many illnesses. This has been established by the research team headed by V.L. Voeikov, at Biological Faculty of Moscow State University.
It is fashionable now to blame free radicals for all deadly sins, since it has been proved that their formation in the organism is connected with different illnesses and aging. On the one hand, it is true: the radicals act as "terrorists" and can harm a sensitive biochemical system through oxidizing lipids, damaging membranes, and destroying DNA and proteins.
On the other hand, experiments on rats and mice have shown that animals put into the atmosphere containing no superoxide radicals die in one or two weeks. Later it was found that organism not only uses external sources of highly-reactive forms of oxygen, but also produces them with the aid of certain enzymes. Such forms of oxygen have been first found in the cells performing immune functions (neutrophiles and phagocytes).
Nadejda Markina | alphagalileo
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Physicists from the University of Würzburg have designed a light source that emits photon pairs. Two-photon sources are particularly well suited for tap-proof data encryption. The experiment's key ingredients: a semiconductor crystal and some sticky tape.
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Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
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In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
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