The authors look at sources of this data worldwide, and say that few developing countries have been able to improve their civil registration and vital statistics systems in the past 50 years. They say: “International efforts to improve comparability of vital statistics seem to be effective, and there is reasonable progress in collection and publication of data. However, worldwide efforts to improve data have been limited to sporadic and short-term measures.”
On cause of death data sent to WHO, for example, countries providing the highest quality (90-100% complete) include, not surprisingly, developed countries like the UK, USA, and Iceland, and also several Latin American countries such as Venezuela and Chile. Those providing no data at all include many African countries, North Korea, Andorra and East Timor in a total of 68 countries. The authors say two points from the data stand out: “First, the absence of data reported to WHO from sub-Saharan African countries and second, the mixed quality cause-of-death reporting from Europe, Asia, and Latin America. In particular, not all developed countries seem to have high quality data.”
They add: “Our collective inability to make or sustain improvements in vital statistics is due to two principal failures; first, national governments have not made civil registration systems a priority, and second, development partners do not yet recognise such systems as crucially important in the development infrastructure.”
Whilst over the last half century, the world has become healthier despite the absence of vital statistics, the authors propose: “Surely that development would have been widespread and much more equitable if people had access to intelligence about regional and local differences in disease burden?”
They conclude: “Sustainable civil registration systems that yield reliable information about the state of a population’s health should be a key development goal for all countries. It is unacceptable for us to be as ignorant about the state of a nation’s health in 50 years time as we are today.”
Tony Kirby | alfa
Cholesterol-lowering drugs may fight infectious disease
22.08.2017 | Duke University
Once invincible superbug squashed by 'superteam' of antibiotics
22.08.2017 | University at Buffalo
Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...
Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...
For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...
An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
16.08.2017 | Event News
04.08.2017 | Event News
26.07.2017 | Event News
24.08.2017 | Medical Engineering
24.08.2017 | Earth Sciences
24.08.2017 | Earth Sciences