Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New guidelines for divers?

12.10.2007
The gas carbon dioxide (CO2) may play a much greater role in the development of decompression sickness (“the bends”) than we previously have assumed, which may mean that in the future professional divers will need to restructure their working routines.

Carbon dioxide may have a profound influence on the development of gas bubbles in the blood, a fresh doctoral study at the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science (NVH) has shown.

Decompression sickness can develop in both sports and professional divers if the diver surfaces too quickly and nitrogen in the blood does not have sufficient time to re-dissolve and distribute before the diver reaches the surface. Decompression sickness is a painful condition, which at worst may be life-threatening.

Local production of CO2
Previously, nitrogen, helium and similar gasses have been considered to be the primary agents of decompression sickness. Carbon dioxide has been ignored, since this gas is highly soluble in blood and is quickly removed from the body.

The doctoral thesis of Henrik Rasmussen shows, however, that naturally-produced CO2 formed in the caecum of mice and rats is distributed through the entire intestinal wall, creating a state of localised supersaturation at various places in the caecum. Should these animals subsequently be given ultrasound contrast agents, which consist of gas bubbles administered intravenously, the gasses in these agents increase in size as a result of the gas supersaturation, causing damage to the caesium and liver.

Consequences for North Sea divers?
Based on these findings, it is feasible to expect that a corresponding local production of CO2 occurs in North Sea divers, which might influence the creation of bubbles in the blood and thereby contribute to the development of decompression sickness. It is possible that professional divers may develop local increases in the concentration of CO2 in parts of their intestinal tract or in the muscles they use the most. Should seismic operations be conducted nearby, damage from CO2 may be profound, since sonar waves have a potent influence on the growth of bubbles in blood.

This work was carried out in collaboration with researchers from GE Healthcare, the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, the Rikshospitalet University Hospital in Oslo and the University of Gothenborg, Gothenborg, Sweden.

Magnhild Jenssen | alfa
Further information:
http://www.veths.no/105/English/7899/New-guidelines-for-divers/

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Nanoparticles as a Solution against Antibiotic Resistance?
15.12.2017 | Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena

nachricht Plasmonic biosensors enable development of new easy-to-use health tests
14.12.2017 | Aalto University

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: First-of-its-kind chemical oscillator offers new level of molecular control

DNA molecules that follow specific instructions could offer more precise molecular control of synthetic chemical systems, a discovery that opens the door for engineers to create molecular machines with new and complex behaviors.

Researchers have created chemical amplifiers and a chemical oscillator using a systematic method that has the potential to embed sophisticated circuit...

Im Focus: Long-lived storage of a photonic qubit for worldwide teleportation

MPQ scientists achieve long storage times for photonic quantum bits which break the lower bound for direct teleportation in a global quantum network.

Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor...

Im Focus: Electromagnetic water cloak eliminates drag and wake

Detailed calculations show water cloaks are feasible with today's technology

Researchers have developed a water cloaking concept based on electromagnetic forces that could eliminate an object's wake, greatly reducing its drag while...

Im Focus: Scientists channel graphene to understand filtration and ion transport into cells

Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as muscle contraction and the firing of brain cells.

To rapidly transport the right ions through the cell membrane, the tiny channels rely on a complex interplay between the ions and surrounding molecules,...

Im Focus: Towards data storage at the single molecule level

The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.

Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have gotten ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

AKL’18: The opportunities and challenges of digitalization in the laser industry

07.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Engineers program tiny robots to move, think like insects

15.12.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

One in 5 materials chemistry papers may be wrong, study suggests

15.12.2017 | Materials Sciences

New antbird species discovered in Peru by LSU ornithologists

15.12.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>