Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Onset Of Diabetes Higher In Patients Who Have Had Heart Attacks

People who have had heart attacks are at higher risk of developing both new-onset diabetes and the pre-diabetes condition impaired fasting glucose (IFG), conclude authors of an Article published in this week’s edition of The Lancet.

Dr Dariush Mozaffarian, Harvard Medical School and Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA, Dr Roberto Marchioli, Consorzio Mario Negri Sud, Italy and colleagues studied 8291 Italian patients who had had a heart attack within the previous three months, and were free of diabetes. Incidence of new-onset diabetes and IGF were measured at 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.5, and 3.5 years follow-up. Data for body-mass index, other risk factors, dietary habits, and medications were updated during the follow up, and a Mediterranean diet score was given to each patient based on their consumption of raw and cooked vegetables, fruit, fish and olive oil.

The researchers found one third of patients with a recent heart attack developed diabetes or IFG (blood glucose 6.1 mmol/L or more), during the 3.5 years of follow up; this rose to two-thirds when the lower IFG cut-off point of 5.6mmol/L or more blood glucose was used. Patients with a recent heart attack were up to four-and-a-half times more likely to develop diabetes (3.7%) compared with the general population (0.8-1.6%), and more than 15 times more likely to develop IFG (27.5% versus 1.5%).

Independent risk factors associated with new-onset diabetes or IFG included older age, high blood pressure, use of beta-blockers, lipid-lowering medications (protective), and diuretic use. Independent life-style risk factors included higher body mass index, (BMI), greater BMI gain during follow-up, current smoking (which increased risk by 60%), a lower Mediterranean dietary score, and wine consumption of more than one litre per day. Data for physical activity were unavailable, but people who could not perform exercise testing were at higher risk of both diabetes and IFG.

The authors conclude: “Our findings suggest that incidence of IFG and diabetes is high in the years after myocardial infarction, suggesting that acute myocardial infarction could be a pre-diabetes risk-equivalent….Our findings also suggest that smoking cessation, prevention of weight gain, and consumption of typical Mediterranean foods could substantially lower this risk, which has important implications for counselling patients soon after they have a myocardial infarction – an opportune time to institute lifestyle changes in patients motivated by a life-changing event.”

In an accompanying Comment, Dr Lionel Opie, Hatter Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa, says: “These findings further tie the knot between myocardial infarction and hyperglycaemia – each causes the other.” He adds that, of the lifestyle factors, “major interest lies in the potential protective effect of the Mediterranean diet.”

Tony Kirby | alfa
Further information:

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Advanced analysis of brain structure shape may track progression to Alzheimer's disease
26.10.2016 | Massachusetts General Hospital

nachricht Indian roadside refuse fires produce toxic rainbow
26.10.2016 | Duke University

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Etching Microstructures with Lasers

Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.

This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...

Im Focus: Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion

Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

Greater Range and Longer Lifetime

26.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering

VDI presents International Bionic Award of the Schauenburg Foundation

26.10.2016 | Awards Funding

3-D-printed magnets

26.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering

More VideoLinks >>>