Autism Spectrum Disorder is a developmental disability that severely affects social interaction and communication including empathy. Contagious yawning is when yawning is triggered by perceiving others’ yawns – and is thought to share similar cognitive and neural mechanisms as empathy.
‘This is the first report that a neuropsychological or psychiatric condition can selectively impair contagious yawning, sparing spontaneous yawning,’ said Dr Senju. ‘Our study confirms the prediction of ‘empathy theory’, by demonstrating that individuals with autism, who show atypical developments in empathy, also show selective impairment in contagious yawning.’
Dr Senju, and colleagues from the University of Tokyo, showed videos of people yawning or making mouth movements to 24 children with autism spectrum disorder and to 25 normally developing children. In the tests both groups of children yawned about the same amount while watching the video of general mouth movements. Whereas the normally developing children yawned more in front of the video showing people yawning, whilst the autistic group did not increase their yawning frequency.
Becci Cussens | alfa
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01.12.2016 | IDIBELL-Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
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The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
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The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
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