Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Paracetamol overdoses drop without package size legislation

05.07.2007
The acetaminophen (paracetamol) overdose rate in Calgary, Canada dropped by over 40% in the decade to 2004, without a change to the smaller pack sizes that were credited with overdose reductions in the UK. The results published today in the online open access journal BMC Public Health suggest that young women, Aboriginals and those on social security remain at greatest risk.

A University of Calgary, Canada team led by Dr. Robert Myers used administrative data to review over 1500 patients hospitalised for acetaminophen overdose between 1995 and 2004. Since 1995, the hospitalisation rate has dropped 41% from 19.6 per 100 000 population to 12.1 per 100 000 in 2004. Myers’ team found that although for under 50s the rate fell 46%, there was a 50% jump in hospitalisations for the over 50s. Female overdosing fell to a greater extent than it did for males (46% vs. 29%).

The majority of overdoses were intentional (85%), with the remainder made up of 13% accidental cases and 2% homicides or of unclear intent. Accidental overdoses fell between 1995 and 2002, but then began to rise again. Over 100 products are available over the counter, sometimes containing relatively large amounts of acetaminophen. The authors suggest that lack of patient and physician awareness may account for at least part of the increase in accidental overdoses.

In 1998 UK legislation limited packets of acetaminophen to 16 x 500mg tablets. The authors note the overdose rate in Calgary is about one fifth that reported in the UK, despite similar suicide rates. UK acetaminophen overdose cuts have largely been attributed to the package size restrictions, however no such restrictions have been imposed in Canada. Acetaminophen (paracetamol) overdose is the most common cause of acute liver failure, accounting for as many as 50% of acute liver failure cases.

Charlotte Webber | alfa
Further information:
http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcpublichealth/

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Millions through license revenues
27.04.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

nachricht New High-Performance Center Translational Medical Engineering
26.04.2017 | Fraunhofer ITEM

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Making lightweight construction suitable for series production

More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.

Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...

Im Focus: Wonder material? Novel nanotube structure strengthens thin films for flexible electronics

Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.

"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...

Im Focus: Deep inside Galaxy M87

The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.

Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...

Im Focus: A Quantum Low Pass for Photons

Physicists in Garching observe novel quantum effect that limits the number of emitted photons.

The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...

Im Focus: Microprocessors based on a layer of just three atoms

Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.

Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Fighting drug resistant tuberculosis – InfectoGnostics meets MYCO-NET² partners in Peru

28.04.2017 | Event News

Expert meeting “Health Business Connect” will connect international medical technology companies

20.04.2017 | Event News

Wenn der Computer das Gehirn austrickst

18.04.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Wireless power can drive tiny electronic devices in the GI tract

28.04.2017 | Medical Engineering

Ice cave in Transylvania yields window into region's past

28.04.2017 | Earth Sciences

Nose2Brain – Better Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

28.04.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>