In the first international ‘map of rheumatoid arthritis’ (RA), spanning Europe and beyond, significant national differences in RA severity can be directly traced to national economics, most notably health expenditure, as exposed today by data from the QUEST-RA Study presented at EULAR 2007, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, Barcelona, Spain.
Lead author of the study, Dr Tuulikki Sokka of the Jyvaskyla Central Hospital, Finland, comments, “Most medical literature on RA is based on randomised clinical trials but many RA patients do not meet trial inclusion criteria and not all European countries are sufficiently involved in such trials. QUEST-RA was put together as a collaborative international cross-sectional study of RA. Consequently, it sheds light on the true international variations and related economic factors that affect the progression of the disease.”
QUEST-RA is the first multi-national database in RA in this scale. The study reviewed data from 100 consecutive RA patients in three or more centres in each of the 21 participating countries, including clinical status records and patient self-report outcomes. Between January 2005 to June 2007 QUEST-RA includes patients from Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, UK, Argentina, Canada, and USA.
Measurements of patients’ disease states were taken using the Disease Activity Scale 28, (DAS28) which assesses the activity of disease across the 28 joints most commonly affected by RA.
Each participating country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and health expenditure per capita were logged and analysis revealed a negative correlation between disease severity and national GDP / health expenditure – showing disease severity to be higher in poorer countries with less health spending.
Professor Tore K Kvien, EULAR President, based at Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway, says, “Now that we have such a clear picture of the disparity of disease severity relative to health spending across Europe, we must work to level off such inequalities. EULAR is a partnership organisation of people with arthritis and rheumatism in Europe and clinicians/researchers/health professional and will continue to work for equal access to effective treatments across Europe.”
Rory Berrie | EurekAlert!
Periodic ventilation keeps more pollen out than tilted-open windows
29.03.2017 | Technische Universität München
Improving memory with magnets
28.03.2017 | McGill University
The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.
To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
20.03.2017 | Event News
14.03.2017 | Event News
07.03.2017 | Event News
29.03.2017 | Health and Medicine
29.03.2017 | Earth Sciences
29.03.2017 | Trade Fair News