In the first international ‘map of rheumatoid arthritis’ (RA), spanning Europe and beyond, significant national differences in RA severity can be directly traced to national economics, most notably health expenditure, as exposed today by data from the QUEST-RA Study presented at EULAR 2007, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, Barcelona, Spain.
Lead author of the study, Dr Tuulikki Sokka of the Jyvaskyla Central Hospital, Finland, comments, “Most medical literature on RA is based on randomised clinical trials but many RA patients do not meet trial inclusion criteria and not all European countries are sufficiently involved in such trials. QUEST-RA was put together as a collaborative international cross-sectional study of RA. Consequently, it sheds light on the true international variations and related economic factors that affect the progression of the disease.”
QUEST-RA is the first multi-national database in RA in this scale. The study reviewed data from 100 consecutive RA patients in three or more centres in each of the 21 participating countries, including clinical status records and patient self-report outcomes. Between January 2005 to June 2007 QUEST-RA includes patients from Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, UK, Argentina, Canada, and USA.
Measurements of patients’ disease states were taken using the Disease Activity Scale 28, (DAS28) which assesses the activity of disease across the 28 joints most commonly affected by RA.
Each participating country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and health expenditure per capita were logged and analysis revealed a negative correlation between disease severity and national GDP / health expenditure – showing disease severity to be higher in poorer countries with less health spending.
Professor Tore K Kvien, EULAR President, based at Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway, says, “Now that we have such a clear picture of the disparity of disease severity relative to health spending across Europe, we must work to level off such inequalities. EULAR is a partnership organisation of people with arthritis and rheumatism in Europe and clinicians/researchers/health professional and will continue to work for equal access to effective treatments across Europe.”
Rory Berrie | EurekAlert!
Hot cars can hit deadly temperatures in as little as one hour
24.05.2018 | Arizona State University
3D images of cancer cells in the body: Medical physicists from Halle present new method
16.05.2018 | Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
The more electronics steer, accelerate and brake cars, the more important it is to protect them against cyber-attacks. That is why 15 partners from industry and academia will work together over the next three years on new approaches to IT security in self-driving cars. The joint project goes by the name Security For Connected, Autonomous Cars (SecForCARs) and has funding of €7.2 million from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. Infineon is leading the project.
Vehicles already offer diverse communication interfaces and more and more automated functions, such as distance and lane-keeping assist systems. At the same...
A research team led by physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed molecular nanoswitches that can be toggled between two structurally different states using an applied voltage. They can serve as the basis for a pioneering class of devices that could replace silicon-based components with organic molecules.
The development of new electronic technologies drives the incessant reduction of functional component sizes. In the context of an international collaborative...
At the LASYS 2018, from June 5th to 7th, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) will be showcasing processes for the laser material processing of tomorrow in hall 4 at stand 4E75. With blown bomb shells the LZH will present first results of a research project on civil security.
At this year's LASYS, the LZH will exhibit light-based processes such as cutting, welding, ablation and structuring as well as additive manufacturing for...
There are videos on the internet that can make one marvel at technology. For example, a smartphone is casually bent around the arm or a thin-film display is rolled in all directions and with almost every diameter. From the user's point of view, this looks fantastic. From a professional point of view, however, the question arises: Is that already possible?
At Display Week 2018, scientists from the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research IAP will be demonstrating today’s technological possibilities and...
So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics
Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...
25.05.2018 | Event News
02.05.2018 | Event News
13.04.2018 | Event News
25.05.2018 | Event News
25.05.2018 | Machine Engineering
25.05.2018 | Life Sciences