Dr Astrid Oude Lashof, Nijmegen University Centre for Infectious Diseases, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Netherlands, and colleagues treated the 49-year-old patient and authored the Case Report.
The woman was admitted to the hospital in 2004 with a two-three week history of vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal cramps and fever. She had no relevant medical history and took no medications. She had been born and raised in Surinam, South America, before migrating to the Netherlands aged 22 years.
She underwent a number of tests, and eventually analysis of her faeces revealed larvae of Strongyloides stercoralis, a parasitic worm, which had caused the woman to get colitis – a digestive disease characterised by inflammation of the colon. She was successfully treated with ivermectin and discharged
The authors believe that the woman was extremely unlikely to pick up S stercoralis either in the Netherlands or Spain – the one place she had been for a short holiday since emigrating- since the worm is not endemic in either country. They say: “She [the patient] must therefore have been infected in Surinam and presented 27 years later.”
S stercoralis appears particularly likely to present as colitis in patients with cellular immune defects, such as those caused by corticosteroid use and alcoholism.
The authors say: “We believe that in our patient, chronic alcohol misuse, probably exacerbated by malnutrition, caused the infestation to manifest.”
They conclude: “We wish to emphasise that, when patients have lived in areas where S stercoralis is endemic, S stercoralis colitis should be included in the differential diagnosis of intestinal inflammation – particularly when the patient is immunocompromised.”
Tony Kirby | alfa
Similarities found in cancer initiation in kidney, liver, stomach, pancreas
21.02.2018 | Washington University School of Medicine
'Living bandages': NUST MISIS scientists develop biocompatible anti-burn nanofibers
16.02.2018 | National University of Science and Technology MISIS
For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.
In the self-assembly process, the semiconducting polymer arranges itself into an ordered monolayer in a transistor. The transistors are binary switches used...
Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale
Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...
For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.
But today's glass-based lenses are bulky and resist miniaturization. Next-generation technologies, such as ultrathin cameras or tiny microscopes, require...
Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.
The generation of new nerve cells was once thought to taper off at the end of embryonic development. However, recent research has shown that the adult brain...
Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. Study published in Physical Review Letters
Quantum computer parts are sensitive and need to be cooled to very low temperatures. Their tiny size makes them particularly susceptible to a temperature...
15.02.2018 | Event News
13.02.2018 | Event News
12.02.2018 | Event News
21.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
21.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
21.02.2018 | Earth Sciences