New Treatment For Fungi Which Cause Thrush And Sepsis
A new treatment for Candida species of fungi which can cause thrush and sepsis (a life-threatening infection leading to fever, hypotension, and shock) has proven equally effective as the existing treatment in a drug trial.
But the new drug has fewer side effects, claims an article published Online and in an upcoming edition of The Lancet.
Infections caused by Candida fungi have become increasingly prevalent in recent years, and problems associated with long established treatments are well known.
Researchers led by Oliver Cornely, of The University Hospital of Cologne, Germany, tested the effectiveness of two well known treatments, liposomal amphotericin B and micafungin, against the common infections candidaemia and invasive candidosis.
A total of 531 patients with these infections were split into two groups and given either micafungin 100mg per day or liposomal amphotericin B 3mg per kg body weight daily. The success rate of both drugs was almost exactly the same – 89.6% for micofungin versus 89.6% for liposomal amphotericin B.
The effectiveness of either treatment was independent of primary site of infection and the patient’s immune status, and whether or not a catheter had been fitted during treatment.
But micafungin produced fewer treatment related side effects than liposomal amphotericin B. Increased problems with kidney function, as well as higher occurrence of problems during drug administration, were observed in the patients receiving liposomal amphotericin B.
The authors conclude: “Our results establish micafungin as a treatment option for first-line therapy of candidaemia and invasive candidosis.”
They add: “Micafungin also has broad-spectrum activity against Aspergillosis spp, thus to assess its efficacy in the treatment of invasive aspergillosis will be an important future goal.”
Tony Kirby | alfa
The most recent press releases about innovation >>>
Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...