Doctors alerted to type 2 diabetes risk with sleep apnoea
The obesity-related diseases of type 2 diabetes and sleep apnoea commonly co-exist but one often remains undiagnosed when the other is present, according to the Chair of the UK Association for the Study of Obesity, Professor John Wilding.
Professor Wilding who is also Chair of Medicine at University Hospital Aintree in Liverpool, is in Sydney this week to participate in a meeting of 20 world experts from the fields of diabetes, obesity, sleep medicine, cardiovascular medicine and epidemiology.
The meeting has been convened by the International Diabetes Federation to develop a consensus statement on type 2 diabetes and sleep apnoea to improve management for people with diabetes and sleep disorders and assist in future research directions. It will be co-chaired by Senior Research Fellow at Imperial College, London, and health policy advisor to the Blair Government, Professor Sir George Alberti, and Director of the International Diabetes Institute in Melbourne and Professor of Diabetes at Monash University in Melbourne, Professor Paul Zimmet.
“The growing link between diabetes and sleep apnoea is a major clinical issue,” Professor Wilding said. “Up to 40% of people with sleep apnoea have diabetes and a further 20% have glucose intolerance.”
A recent study conducted by Professor Wilding and his colleagues that closely matched people for weight and waist circumference showed that when people with diabetes were excluded, 90% of people with sleep apnoea had metabolic syndrome, compared with 40% of those without sleep apnoea.
“Other studies have shown that almost 25% of patients with type 2 diabetes have sleep apnoea,” he said. “However, only a small proportion – perhaps one-fifth – is diagnosed.
“GPs should consider the diagnosis of sleep apnoea in patients with obesity and/or type 2 diabetes and ask about sleep quality and symptoms. The Epworth sleepiness scale is easy to use and patients who score highly should be considered for referral to a respiratory physician.”
Professor Wilding said that while there was a strong association between sleep apnoea and type 2 diabetes, available evidence did not definitively support a causal link.
Kate McEvoy | alfa
The most recent press releases about innovation >>>
Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:
Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.
Methane is primarily the result of the decomposition of organic matter. The gas has a 25 times greater warming potential than carbon dioxide, but is not as...
Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.
As charge carriers, electrons and ions play the leading role in electrochemical energy storage devices and converters such as batteries and fuel cells. Proton...
Scientists from the Excellence Cluster Universe at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich have establised "Cosmowebportal", a unique data centre for cosmological simulations located at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. The complete results of a series of large hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are available, with data volumes typically exceeding several hundred terabytes. Scientists worldwide can interactively explore these complex simulations via a web interface and directly access the results.
With current telescopes, scientists can observe our Universe’s galaxies and galaxy clusters and their distribution along an invisible cosmic web. From the...
Temperature measurements possible even on the smallest scale / Molecular ruby for use in material sciences, biology, and medicine
Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in cooperation with researchers of the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)...
Germany counts high-precision manufacturing processes among its advantages as a location. It’s not just the aerospace and automotive industries that require almost waste-free, high-precision manufacturing to provide an efficient way of testing the shape and orientation tolerances of products. Since current inline measurement technology not yet provides the required accuracy, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT is collaborating with four renowned industry partners in the INSPIRE project to develop inline sensors with a new accuracy class. Funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the project is scheduled to run until the end of 2019.
New Manufacturing Technologies for New Products