Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Serious proliferation of multiresistant Staphylococcus in intensive care units

14.02.2007
Multiresistant bacteria are a severe problem that costs lives at hospitals the world over. A new doctoral thesis from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows that the spread of disease between seriously ill patients in intensive care units is surprisingly rife.

The number of infections caused by multiresistant bacteria and mycobacteria in Swedish hospitals has risen dramatically in recent years, giving rise to prolonged care and higher death rates. The situation is most serious in intensive care units, where between 10 and 20 per cent of patients contract some kind of hospital-related infection.

Specialist physician Christina Agvald-Öhman studied the infection route of bacteria strains at a Swedish intensive care unit for her thesis. The results of her work show that the spread of infection between patients is surprisingly high. Between 70 and 80 per cent of the patients who were in care at the unit for three to five days were involved in the spread of infection.

“Infections are mainly spread via staff and equipment, which could be avoided if the hygiene rules were properly followed,” says Dr Agvald-Öhman. “By far the most important rule, which is easily forgotten, is to wash your hands properly after contact with each patient.”

The bacteria strain under study was a type of Staphylococcus normally found on the skin of healthy people, but which can easily establish itself in the respiratory passages of ill people; it is also one of the most common causes of hospital-related blood poisoning. Dr Agvald-Öhman believes that other types of bacteria are transmitted in a similar way.

Hospital-related infections not only cause personal suffering for the patients, they are also a financial burden. One day’s intensive care costs about SKr 35,000, and according to common estimates prolong hospitalisation by six to twelve days.

The study was carried out at Karolinska University Hospital in Huddinge, Stockholm County, where it has already spurred extensive action to prevent hospital-related infections.

“I’m convinced that these problems are just as serious at other intensive care units, and I hope that my results can help raise the general motivation surrounding hygiene in healthcare,” says Dr Agvald-Öhman.

Thesis:
“Colonisation, infection and contagion of multiresistant bacteria and mycobacteria amongst intensive care patients”, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology. Public defence will take place on February 16.

Katarina Sternudd | alfa
Further information:
http://diss.kib.ki.se/2007/978-91-7357-075-6/

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Hot cars can hit deadly temperatures in as little as one hour
24.05.2018 | Arizona State University

nachricht 3D images of cancer cells in the body: Medical physicists from Halle present new method
16.05.2018 | Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Powerful IT security for the car of the future – research alliance develops new approaches

The more electronics steer, accelerate and brake cars, the more important it is to protect them against cyber-attacks. That is why 15 partners from industry and academia will work together over the next three years on new approaches to IT security in self-driving cars. The joint project goes by the name Security For Connected, Autonomous Cars (SecForCARs) and has funding of €7.2 million from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. Infineon is leading the project.

Vehicles already offer diverse communication interfaces and more and more automated functions, such as distance and lane-keeping assist systems. At the same...

Im Focus: Molecular switch will facilitate the development of pioneering electro-optical devices

A research team led by physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed molecular nanoswitches that can be toggled between two structurally different states using an applied voltage. They can serve as the basis for a pioneering class of devices that could replace silicon-based components with organic molecules.

The development of new electronic technologies drives the incessant reduction of functional component sizes. In the context of an international collaborative...

Im Focus: LZH showcases laser material processing of tomorrow at the LASYS 2018

At the LASYS 2018, from June 5th to 7th, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) will be showcasing processes for the laser material processing of tomorrow in hall 4 at stand 4E75. With blown bomb shells the LZH will present first results of a research project on civil security.

At this year's LASYS, the LZH will exhibit light-based processes such as cutting, welding, ablation and structuring as well as additive manufacturing for...

Im Focus: Self-illuminating pixels for a new display generation

There are videos on the internet that can make one marvel at technology. For example, a smartphone is casually bent around the arm or a thin-film display is rolled in all directions and with almost every diameter. From the user's point of view, this looks fantastic. From a professional point of view, however, the question arises: Is that already possible?

At Display Week 2018, scientists from the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research IAP will be demonstrating today’s technological possibilities and...

Im Focus: Explanation for puzzling quantum oscillations has been found

So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics

Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

In focus: Climate adapted plants

25.05.2018 | Event News

Save the date: Forum European Neuroscience – 07-11 July 2018 in Berlin, Germany

02.05.2018 | Event News

Invitation to the upcoming "Current Topics in Bioinformatics: Big Data in Genomics and Medicine"

13.04.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

In focus: Climate adapted plants

25.05.2018 | Event News

Flow probes from the 3D printer

25.05.2018 | Machine Engineering

Less is more? Gene switch for healthy aging found

25.05.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>