This annual publication provides the only comprehensive listing of all AIDS vaccine clinical trial activity worldwide.
Last year saw the start of the first AIDS vaccine trials in the Russian Federation and Zambia, and three countries in sub-Saharan Africa —Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania—also initiated new trials. The United States, United Kingdom, Sweden and Peru began new trials in 2006 as well. Many of these trials were sponsored by new research groups, including the Karolinska Institute in Sweden, St. George’s University of London and the Moscow Institute of Immunology.
All of the new trials that began last year were either Phase I or Phase I/II trials designed to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of the candidate vaccines. “Although these new trials are early-stage, they will provide critical information over the coming years that will help drive the field’s R&D agenda. We hope to begin to see even more novel vectors, as well as approaches that target neutralizing antibodies in the next few years,” said CEO and President of IAVI, Dr. Seth Berkley.
IAVI and its collaborators are currently conducting four ongoing trials in India, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, South Africa and the United States. In 2006, IAVI launched a Phase II trial in Uganda and Zambia, part of a multi-site study that also included three sites in South Africa. The South Africa, Uganda and Zambia trial sites are now fully enrolled with data expected later this year.
Two of the most advanced trials underway in 2007 are from Sanofi-Pasteur and Merck & Co., Inc. Data from Merck’s ongoing Phase IIb test-of-concept trial with its adeno-5 vector vaccine candidate is expected in 2008-2009 and will provide preliminary information on the efficacy of this type of vaccine candidate. These results will have significant implications for the field’s future research and development efforts. The company will also soon be starting an additional Phase IIb trial with the same candidate in South Africa.
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) estimates that 4.3 million people were newly infected with HIV last year—bringing the total number of HIV-infected individuals to 40 million people worldwide. Explosive HIV epidemics also continue in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Throughout the world, a preventive AIDS vaccine remains one of the greatest hopes for stemming the pandemic.
The 2006 IAVI VAX Map, which provides detailed information on all ongoing preventive AIDS vaccine trials, is available at http://www.iavireport.org/Vax/VAXJanuary2007.asp.
Hester Kuipers | alfa
Millions through license revenues
27.04.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
New High-Performance Center Translational Medical Engineering
26.04.2017 | Fraunhofer ITEM
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
28.04.2017 | Event News
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
28.04.2017 | Medical Engineering
28.04.2017 | Earth Sciences
28.04.2017 | Life Sciences