Using data from a large American epidemiological mental health survey, based on a nationally representative sample of over 5000 people, Dr Mark Shevlin and Dr Gary Adamson found that social and environmental factors, such as childhood abuse, could significantly increase the risk of psychosis in later life.
The study carried out by the Magee-based research team has just been published in one of the world’s most highly regarded psychiatry journals, the January edition of the American Journal of Psychiatry, the official journal of the American Psychiatric Association,
“In psychiatry there are a number of disorders that come under the general title of psychosis, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
The traditional psychiatric view has generally emphasized biological and genetic factors as causes.
But there is a growing acceptance that non-biological factors, in particular traumatic life events, are implicated in the origins of psychosis. We found that those people who reported childhood abuse were significantly more likely to be diagnosed with psychosis.
Other traumas, such as rape, were also found to predict psychosis, said Dr Shevlin. “Our work in this area is continuing with ongoing collaborative research into the nature of psychosis with colleagues from Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience at Maastricht University” he said
Dr Shevlin adds that while retrospective reporting of childhood trauma, especially from individuals with psychotic illnesses, represented a potential methodological problem, previous work indicated that such reports were usually reliable.
The findings highlight the importance of obtaining a full history of childhood experiences during clinical assessment to ensure an appropriate treatment is planned. Some recent research has indicated that psychological treatments for psychosis, rather than medication, are effective for individuals who have suffered childhood abuse.
David Young | alfa
Millions through license revenues
27.04.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
New High-Performance Center Translational Medical Engineering
26.04.2017 | Fraunhofer ITEM
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
28.04.2017 | Event News
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
28.04.2017 | Medical Engineering
28.04.2017 | Earth Sciences
28.04.2017 | Life Sciences