"Although physicians are aware that Hodgkin's lymphoma survivors are at increased risk of heart disease, it hasn't been well-established how to best monitor these patients," said Aileen Chen, M.D., M.P.P, lead author of the study and a radiation oncologist at the Dana-Farber Cancer Center in Boston. "Our study shows that lipid screening in Hodgkin's survivors is cost effective and provides physicians with a guideline on how frequently they should be screening for high cholesterol, an important risk factor for heart disease."
Hodgkin's lymphoma survivors who received radiation therapy to the chest to cure their cancer are at an increased risk of heart disease compared to the general population because the heart (located in the chest cavity) receives a small amount of radiation when the nearby lymph nodes are treated. Hodgkin's survivors who have high cholesterol are more likely to develop heart disease.
Lipid screening tests are simple blood tests that check the level of lipids or cholesterol in the blood. A high level of cholesterol increases the chance of having heart disease which can lead to heart attacks. If caught early, this condition can be treated with cholesterol-lowering medications.
Dr. Chen's study compared lipid screening every five years starting five years after treatment versus no lipid screening in a cohort of 25-year-old Hodgkin's survivors treated with chest radiation. Patients who screened positive for high cholesterol were treated with statins, a type of cholesterol-lowering medication which has been shown to reduce the risk of heart attacks and death from heart disease. The study found that patients who had lipid screening, with statin therapy, if needed, lived six months longer than those who had no screening test.
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More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
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Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
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The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
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