The risk of heart disease is increased in relation to social deprivation and in people from ethnic minorities such as British Asians. This is not accounted for in currently used risk scores which are therefore potentially unfair.
Doctors use a 'risk score' to decide which patients have the greatest chances of developing heart disease and stroke. They then use the score to prioritize them for preventive treatment.
Until now, the risk score has been based on levels of smoking, blood pressure and fats (cholesterol and HDL cholesterol) in the blood, along with the patient's age and sex.
The Dundee researchers, working with the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN), have produced a new risk score, known as ASSIGN, which includes added information on social deprivation and family history to provide a more complete picture of the risk. Their research is published in the journal `Heart'.
The team, from the Cardiovascular Epidemiology Unit of The Institute of Cardiovascular Research at the University of Dundee (TICR), tracked the health of more than 13,000 men and women aged 30 - 74 in Scotland over 10-20 years to the end of 2005. This information was used to develop the ASSIGN score.
The project leader, Professor Hugh Tunstall-Pedoe says, "Existing scores, such as that from Framingham in the USA use levels of smoking, blood pressure and fats in the blood along with patient's age and sex to estimate risk. However, we know that socially deprived people and people from ethnic minorities such as British Asians are at increased risk, not explained by these factors. A year ago we showed that for this reason the Framingham score was unfair to those people in the population at greatest risk of heart disease. Now by adding in social deprivation and family history we have created a new score, ASSIGN, which is fairer."
The new ASSIGN score is being evaluated for potential adoption in Scotland, and possibly elsewhere. The work was carried out in relation to the development of forthcoming revised guidelines on heart disease by SIGN (the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network). It was funded by the Scottish Executive Health Department and the British Heart Foundation.
Anna Day | alfa
Hot cars can hit deadly temperatures in as little as one hour
24.05.2018 | Arizona State University
3D images of cancer cells in the body: Medical physicists from Halle present new method
16.05.2018 | Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
A research team led by physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed molecular nanoswitches that can be toggled between two structurally different states using an applied voltage. They can serve as the basis for a pioneering class of devices that could replace silicon-based components with organic molecules.
The development of new electronic technologies drives the incessant reduction of functional component sizes. In the context of an international collaborative...
At the LASYS 2018, from June 5th to 7th, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) will be showcasing processes for the laser material processing of tomorrow in hall 4 at stand 4E75. With blown bomb shells the LZH will present first results of a research project on civil security.
At this year's LASYS, the LZH will exhibit light-based processes such as cutting, welding, ablation and structuring as well as additive manufacturing for...
There are videos on the internet that can make one marvel at technology. For example, a smartphone is casually bent around the arm or a thin-film display is rolled in all directions and with almost every diameter. From the user's point of view, this looks fantastic. From a professional point of view, however, the question arises: Is that already possible?
At Display Week 2018, scientists from the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research IAP will be demonstrating today’s technological possibilities and...
So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics
Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...
The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. A...
02.05.2018 | Event News
13.04.2018 | Event News
12.04.2018 | Event News
24.05.2018 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation
24.05.2018 | Medical Engineering
24.05.2018 | Physics and Astronomy