Stroke affects around 17 million people globally and is widely recognised as one of the biggest killers in Australia. Nationally, over 53,000 strokes occur each year, of which one third will die in the first 12 months. Without prevention, the annual rate of strokes in Australia has been predicted to rise to 74,000 by 2017 due to the ageing of the population.
The pivotal eleven-year Perth Community Stroke Study, conducted from 1989 to 2001, focused on the trends of strokes in both men and women, and the frequency of risk factors that play a key role in the incidence of stroke. The project involved collaboration between leading stroke research centres, The George Institute, Royal Perth Hospital, the University of Western Australia and The University of Queensland.
"The study found that despite the population in inner-metropolitan Perth increasing over the eleven-year study period, the number of strokes declined significantly," said Professor Craig Anderson, Director of Neurological Disease and Mental Health at The George Institute.
Stroke rates were noted to fall faster in men, who experienced a 49% decline, compared to a 37% drop in the rate of stroke amongst women. Researchers believe this considerable reduction of stroke rates in Perth, WA can be attributed to the fact that stroke is preventable. The risk of experiencing a stroke is influenced by factors such as age, gender, family history, diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking, diet and exercise.
"Stroke has been an increasing health problem for Australians, which highlights the need to prioritise preventative strategies. These results are testament to the advances in approaches to prevention and management of stroke, including a more consistent range of health services available to the community. These results provide positive feedback on successes being made in the reduction in some risk factors and hence a reduction of stroke in the studied area", Professor Anderson added.
"We found significant reductions in the frequency of risk factors, including hypertension, smoking and history of heart disease. This suggests that people are 'getting the message' about leading healthy lifestyles and reducing their threat of this neurological condition," said Professor Konrad Jamrozik, Principal Investigator for the studies, of the University of Queensland.
Emma Orpilla | EurekAlert!
Resolving the mystery of preeclampsia
21.10.2016 | Universitätsklinikum Magdeburg
New potential cancer treatment using microwaves to target deep tumors
12.10.2016 | University of Texas at Arlington
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...
COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.
In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...
'Ferroelectric' materials can switch between different states of electrical polarization in response to an external electric field. This flexibility means they show promise for many applications, for example in electronic devices and computer memory. Current ferroelectric materials are highly valued for their thermal and chemical stability and rapid electro-mechanical responses, but creating a material that is scalable down to the tiny sizes needed for technologies like silicon-based semiconductors (Si-based CMOS) has proven challenging.
Now, Hiroshi Funakubo and co-workers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, in collaboration with researchers across Japan, have conducted experiments to...
14.10.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
12.10.2016 | Event News
21.10.2016 | Health and Medicine
21.10.2016 | Information Technology
21.10.2016 | Materials Sciences