A study published today in the open access journal Critical Care reveals that patients who were successfully treated for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are less likely to report symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) if they feel that they were supported during and after the intervention in the Intensive Care Unit.
Maria Deja and colleagues from the Charité Hospital in Berlin, Germany, studied 65 survivors of ARDS on average 4.7 years after the patients had been discharged from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in their hospital. PTSD, health- related quality of life, symptoms of psychopathology and perception of social support were assessed in these people using standard questionnaires. The authors compared the questionnaire scores of ARDS survivors with the scores of healthy individuals who hadn’t suffered from ARDS.
Deja et al.’s results show that ARDS survivors’ health-related quality of life was significantly reduced. Eighteen ARDS survivors were identified as being at increased risk for PTSD, and this was not related to the severity or to the cause of their ARDS. But these people did report having experienced more anxiety while at the ICU, and also showed a tendency to remember experiences of pain more often than ARDS survivors who were not at risk of PTSD. In addition, psychological problems were significantly more intense in ARDS survivors who were at risk of PTSD. These patients showed a reduced mental dimension of quality of life compared to ARDS survivors who were not at risk of PTSD and compared to healthy individuals. For survivors who were at risk of PTSD, the perception of the support they had received was significantly lower than that of the other group of ARDS survivors. Overall, better-perceived social support was associated with a reduction in PTSD symptoms.
The authors also find that ARDS survivors who were at risk of PSTD were more likely to claim benefits or be unable to work.
Deja et al. conclude: “The main result of our study was that social support and its probable mental health benefits may favourably affect the long-term outcome, including the employment status, of ICU patients who recover from ARDS.”
Juliette Savin | alfa
Millions through license revenues
27.04.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
New High-Performance Center Translational Medical Engineering
26.04.2017 | Fraunhofer ITEM
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
03.04.2017 | Event News
27.04.2017 | Life Sciences
27.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
27.04.2017 | Earth Sciences