Depression diseases cost Europe 118 billion
A substantially reduced quality of life for 21 million people and 118 billion euro a year - this is what Europe pays for depression, claims a new doctoral thesis from Karolinska Institutet. With the right treatment, both costs and suffering can be reduced.
The new figures, which can be translated into 250 euro per inhabitant per year, or 1 per cent of Europe's aggregate national income, are presented by Patrik Sobocki in his doctoral thesis "Health economics of depression", and show that depression is one of the largest health economic problems in Europe.
The thesis also analyses the impact of depression on the patients' quality of life. The results demonstrate that the quality of life is halved during a depressive episode, which is equal to the impact of a severe stroke, and that many patients stop functioning socially and lose their ability to work. This is reflected in the fact that two thirds of the costs incurred by depression are due to absenteeism from work, whereas costs of care make up the remaining third.
The thesis also shows that today's treatment methods for depression have positive impact on the patients' quality of life and help to reduce the overall costs of the disease. However, there is still room for improvement in the care for depressed patients. According to Mr Sobocki, only half the number of depressed patients in Swedish primary care is fully relieved from their depressive symptoms after a six-month course of treatment.
"It's important to treat patients with a depressive episode quickly and until symptoms are fully relieved," he explains. "Patients who get rid of their symptoms completely from treatment are associated with a 40% better quality of life compared with patients only responding partially. We have shown that these patients have reduced costs of €2 700 per patient since symptom-free patients often can return to work have substantially fewer health care visits."
The results of the thesis provide an important foundation for making more effective use of healthcare resources, says Mr Sobocki. There is still a serious shortage of sound health economic evaluations of treatments for depression, which are necessary for decision-makers to make rational decisions on the allocation of healthcare resources, and to use treatments for depression more cost-effectively. The thesis also shows that there is a need for more routine monitoring of how depressed patients are cared for, in order to improve the quality and effectiveness of the health care provided..
Doctoral thesis: "Health economics of depression" is due for presentation on 13 October at Karolinska Institutet.
For further information, contact:
Phone: +46 -8-545 285 48
Mobile: +46-70-439 67 73
Press Officer Katarina Sternudd
Phone: +46-8-524 838 95
Katarina Sternudd | idw
The most recent press releases about innovation >>>
Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:
Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...
Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...
For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...
An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...