A study published today in BMC Gastroenterology shows that patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are 60% more likely to suffer from depression, migraine or chronic pain than individuals who do not suffer from IBS. A link between IBS and depression, migraine or chronic pain had been suggested by case reports but had never been confirmed by such a large, controlled study.
In the largest study of its kind, J. Alexander Cole and colleagues from Boston University, Boston, USA, looked at the occurrence of depression, migraine and fibromyalgia (chronic, widespread and unexplained pain) in 97,593 individuals who had consulted a doctor because of IBS, at least once between 1996 and 2002. A group of 27,402 people who did not suffer from IBS acted as the comparison group. Cole et al. took into account the many variables and confounding factors that could have skewed their data in their analysis.
Cole et al.’s study shows that individuals who reported symptoms of IBS were 40% more likely to suffer from depression and 60% more likely to suffer from migraine. The occurrence of fibromyalgia was 1.8 times greater in individuals with IBS than in control individuals.
Juliette Savin | alfa
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Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. In particular, the new method allows the imaging of quantum dots in a semiconductor chip. Together with colleagues from the University of Bochum, scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics and the Swiss Nanoscience Institute reported the findings in the journal Nature Photonics.
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On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future.
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What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how...
For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.
Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact. Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve...
At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.
No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...
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