Colorectal cancer is a serious complication of inflammatory bowel disease. The persistent inflammatory triggers are thought to lead to genetic alterations and malignant degeneration, but the precise pathogenesis of the problem – which appears to be different from the "classic" adenoma-carcinoma sequence – has not yet been unravelled. Nevertheless, both extent and severity of the inflammation are thought to contribute to triggering malignant degeneration.
Given this fact, it is necessary to examine the opportunities for current and future approaches to colorectal cancer prevention. The authors evaluated the value of surveillance colonoscopy and chemoprevention of colorectal cancer with 5'-aminosalicylic acid, and review the current state of knowledge in the epidemiology of and new approaches to the prevention of cancer and dysplasia in inflammatory bowel disease.
The authors conclude that there is significant preclinical and clinical evidence to suggest that 5-aminosalicylate drugs reduce the risk of colorectal neoplasia. However, the minimal dosage to achieve this chemopreventive effect remains unclear. There is also indirect evidence to suggest that surveillance colonoscopy is beneficial for patients with inflammatory bowel disease, particularly in those with long-standing pancolitis or primary sclerosing cholangitis-associated inflammatory bowel disease. However, definitive proof from prospective clinical trials is not yet available, and more research needs to be performed.
Carla Holmes | alfa
TSRI researchers develop new method to 'fingerprint' HIV
29.03.2017 | Scripps Research Institute
Periodic ventilation keeps more pollen out than tilted-open windows
29.03.2017 | Technische Universität München
The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.
To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
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