Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Determining the state of the human arterial system

01.09.2006
Engineer Fernando Silvio Nuño Almirantearena has developed a system to determine the state of the human arterial system by diffuse logic techniques.

This method, that can help in the prevention of heart attack, brain stroke or high blood pressure, is outlined in his PhD thesis, Inferences for diagnosis of the state of the human arterial system using elements of diffuse logic.

Arterial diseases

Medical conditions involving loss of arterial elasticity, such as artherosclerosis and high blood pressure, are the main cause of human death and incapacity and one of its characteristics is that it is asymptomatic during its early stages. In this context, Fernando Silvio Nuño put forward the importance of having a method to evaluate the state of the artery walls and for the early detection of indications of such diseases, when there is still time to modify the eating and other life habits of the patient.

To this end, the author of the thesis set out to identify the biological age of the arterial system of 53 patients, 21 of which were young people between 15 and 20, 12 adults between 40 and 59 and 20 elderly people between 70 and 81. This was undertaken with a capacitive sensor to measure variation waves of the radial arterial diameter, from which data diffuse inferences were drawn that enabled obtaining the biological age of the arterial system of the patient, not necessarily the same as the chronological age of the subject. It should be pointed out that, in all cases, the patients had normal blood pressure and had not ingested any medication.

In some cases where there was a notable difference between biological and chronological ages, patients were referred to their doctor to discuss necessity of treatment such as changes in eating habits and, in this way, to prevent diseases related to the loss of elasticity in the blood vessels.

Prevention system

The system designed by Fernando Silvio Nuño is currently being employed at the University of Mar de Plata in order to evaluate the arterial system of all employees, who subsequently have a medical check-up by the University’s medical service.

The state of the arterial system, to date, has been evaluated through blood pressure measurement using the traditional armband. But this does not enable one to identify the biological age of the system, only the systolic and diastolic pressures.

The next challenge for this researcher is to evaluate the whole cardiovascular system, i.e. both the heart and the blood vessels. The mathematical tool to this end is there; only the evaluation of the cardiac variables is needed in conjunction with the variables already obtained for the arterial system.

A new software

The PhD outlined an automatic method for registering the values of the variables of the variation curves for the arterial diameters and the development of the corresponding software.

Likewise, with the aim of reducing the number of variables and of locating the most important ones for the observation of the arterial system, Principal Components Analysis and Lineal Multiple Regression mechanisms were applied in order to determine the dependent and independent variables of the system. The initial figure of 50 independent variables was reduced to 7.

Besides, it was confirmed that the 7 selected variables represented exactly the characteristics of the variation curves for the arterial diameters by means of the calculation of multiple correlation coefficients.

Garazi Andonegi | alfa
Further information:
http://www.elhuyar.com
http://www.basqueresearch.com

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Team discovers how bacteria exploit a chink in the body's armor
20.01.2017 | University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

nachricht Rabies viruses reveal wiring in transparent brains
19.01.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Traffic jam in empty space

New success for Konstanz physicists in studying the quantum vacuum

An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Sustainable Water use in Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

19.01.2017 | Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Helmholtz International Fellow Award for Sarah Amalia Teichmann

20.01.2017 | Awards Funding

An innovative high-performance material: biofibers made from green lacewing silk

20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences

Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia — Non-invasive alternative to catheter-based surgery

20.01.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>