Worldwide pre-eclampsia accounts for 40,000 maternal deaths a year and can trigger premature birth which is extremely dangerous for the child. A Cochrane Review of trials found that taking calcium supplements during pregnancy is a safe and cheap means of reducing the risk of pre-eclampsia.
This conclusion is published in an updated Cochrane Review and by including new data the Review Authors have modified their conclusions from pointing to the possibility of benefits, to a conclusive decision.
“We found no evidence of adverse effects, but we do need more research to find the ideal dosage of calcium,” says lead Review Author Prof Justus Hofmeyr, who works at the East London Hospital Complex, in South Africa.
This line of enquiry started after the chance observation that Mayan Indians in Guatemala have a low incidence of pre-eclampsia. One aspect of their lifestyle is that they soak their corn in lime before cooking and consequently have a high calcium diet. Similarly pre-eclampsia rates in Ethiopia are low – again a culture that has a high calcium intake. One theory is that high calcium levels in the blood stream may help muscles surrounding blood vessels to relax –which would tend to reduce blood pressure.
“The reduction in pre-eclampsia, and in maternal death or severe morbidity, support the use of calcium supplementation, particularly for those with low dietary intake”, says Hofmeyr.
Organ-on-a-chip mimics heart's biomechanical properties
23.02.2017 | Vanderbilt University
Researchers identify cause of hereditary skeletal muscle disorder
22.02.2017 | Klinikum der Universität München
On January 15, 2009, Chesley B. Sullenberger was celebrated world-wide: after the two engines had failed due to bird strike, he and his flight crew succeeded after a glide flight with an Airbus A320 in ditching on the Hudson River. All 155 people on board were saved.
On January 15, 2009, Chesley B. Sullenberger was celebrated world-wide: after the two engines had failed due to bird strike, he and his flight crew succeeded...
In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport
Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...
The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.
The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...
Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...
13.02.2017 | Event News
10.02.2017 | Event News
09.02.2017 | Event News
27.02.2017 | Materials Sciences
27.02.2017 | Interdisciplinary Research
27.02.2017 | Life Sciences