In a study published today in the open access journal BMC Health Services Research, researchers use a mathematical model to show that offering a full cycle of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) is better value for money for couples and tax-payers than offering multiple cycles of intra-uterine insemination (IUI), followed by IVF if IUI fails. IUI is the treatment currently recommended by the UK National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) for unexplained infertility and male factor subfertility. Although it is cheaper than IVF, IUI requires many more attempts and often fails to result in pregnancy, forcing couples to undergo an IVF cycle after many attempts at IUI.
Nora Pashayan from the Institute of Public Health in Cambridge, UK, collaborated with colleagues to build a mathematical model that evaluates the cost-effectiveness of IVF and that of IUI, followed by IVF if IUI fails. They evaluated the cost of treatment for 100 simulated couples with unexplained infertility and mild male factor subfertility.
Pashayan et al.’s results show that, as IVF is more efficient and more likely to result in pregnancy after the first trial, offering IVF first is more cost-effective than offering IUI alone, or than offering IUI followed by IVF if IUI fails. The amount of money saved if IVF were offered first instead of unstimulated IUI, the least expensive of IUI treatments, would amount to £174,200. This amount of money could pay for IVF treatments for an additional 54 couples.
Juliette Savin | alfa
Satellites, airport visibility readings shed light on troops' exposure to air pollution
09.12.2016 | Veterans Affairs Research Communications
Oxygen can wake up dormant bacteria for antibiotic attacks
08.12.2016 | Penn State
Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
09.12.2016 | Life Sciences
09.12.2016 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation
09.12.2016 | Health and Medicine