Building on principles of binocular geometry established by Leonardo da Vinci, Drs. Kevin Brooks and Barbara Gillam of the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, conducted a series of experiments in which observers were asked to match the amplitude of motion in depth seen through stereoscopic stimuli presented on two computer monitors. Dynamic versions of a monocular gap stereogram were used to produce a percept of motion in depth from changes in the locations of unmatched features, despite a lack of any previously known cues to 3D motion. The studies showed that while the established cues of changing disparity (CD) and interocular velocity difference (IOVD) are involved in the percept of motion in depth for features visible in both eyes, a new cue, dynamic half-occlusion, is used when unmatched features are observed.
"The benefits of this knowledge enhance the potential for creating more effective simulation of motion in 3D displays and virtual environments," said Brooks. "It will also be interesting to see whether neurophysiological studies are able to locate the cells that mediate these processes."
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Animal photoreceptors capture light with photopigments. Researchers from the University of Göttingen have now discovered that these photopigments fulfill an...
On 15 March, the AWI research aeroplane Polar 5 will depart for Greenland. Concentrating on the furthest northeast region of the island, an international team...
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At the 2018 ILA Berlin Air Show from April 25–29, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT is showcasing extreme high-speed Laser Material Deposition (EHLA): A video documents how for metal components that are highly loaded, EHLA has already proved itself as an alternative to hard chrome plating, which is now allowed only under special conditions.
When the EU restricted the use of hexavalent chromium compounds to special applications requiring authorization, the move prompted a rethink in the surface...
At the ILA Berlin, hall 4, booth 202, Fraunhofer FHR will present two radar sensors for navigation support of drones. The sensors are valuable components in the implementation of autonomous flying drones: they function as obstacle detectors to prevent collisions. Radar sensors also operate reliably in restricted visibility, e.g. in foggy or dusty conditions. Due to their ability to measure distances with high precision, the radar sensors can also be used as altimeters when other sources of information such as barometers or GPS are not available or cannot operate optimally.
Drones play an increasingly important role in the area of logistics and services. Well-known logistic companies place great hope in these compact, aerial...
16.03.2018 | Event News
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16.03.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
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