Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Greater risk of loosening of the teeth among diabetics

01.06.2006


Individuals with diabetes run a greater risk than others of being afflicted with severe loosening of the teeth. This is shown by research at the Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Sweden.



Henrik Jansson’s dissertation Studies on periodontitis and analyses of individuals at risk for periodontal diseases covered nearly 200 patients with type 2 diabetes, so-called adult onset diabetes. As many as every fifth patient suffered from severe loosening of the teeth, periodontitis. What’s more, it turned out that the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases was significantly higher among diabetics suffering from severe periodontitis.

“This discovery is interesting because there has been a great deal of talk about the connection between cardiovascular disorders and periodontitis. But the underlying causes have not been clear. One hypothesis is that chronic inflammatory processes, in the gums, for instance, can influence mechanisms in other parts of the body as well,” says Henrik Jansson, a specialist in periodontology and instructor at the Faculty of Odontology in Malmö.


Periodontitis is a chronic inflammation that arises in response to the natural flow of bacteria in the mouth. There is a genetic factor involved; the disease “can be passed on from one generation to another,” says Henrik Jansson.

“When the bacteria are not removed from the edge of the gums, an inflammation occurs. But in especially sensitive individuals it doesn’t stop there. The inflammation leads to the loss of supportive tissue and the teeth lose their anchoring.”

One major problem involving periodontitis is that the disease is not always noticeable. It rarely causes pain, and the symptoms can be so faint that the victims are not aware of what is going on their oral cavity. Bleeding gums, teeth that are loose or shifting--these are often the first noticeable signs.

“If the disease is discovered in time, it is often sufficient to carry out a professional cleaning. On the other hand, if it has progressed further, surgery may be needed,” says Henrik Jansson.

Another major problem is the tremendous private cost of dealing with periodontitus.

With the aim of preventing the disease, Henrik Jansson would like to see better information targeting relevant risk groups and regular check-ups by a dentist or dental hygienist. Just as in all chronic diseases it’s important to get patients to understand their sickness. Improving patients’ oral hygiene and professionally executed cleaning are other important steps in treating the disorder.

“To minimize the risk of relapse it is also important to work on patient motivation, both during and following treatment,” Henrik Jansson points out.

In his study, Henrik Jansson also investigated the effect of treatment with an antibiotic gel in patients with severe periodontitus. The gel has been touted by its producer as a more convenient alternative to the conventional mechanical treatment. However, the study was unable to confirm any such effect. This corroborates what the Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU) arrived at in a report from 2004.

Press Office | alfa
Further information:
http://www.vr.se

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht How cancer metastasis happens: Researchers reveal a key mechanism
19.01.2018 | Weill Cornell Medicine

nachricht Researchers identify new way to unmask melanoma cells to the immune system
17.01.2018 | Duke University Medical Center

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Artificial agent designs quantum experiments

On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future.

We carry smartphones in our pockets, the streets are dotted with semi-autonomous cars, but in the research laboratory experiments are still being designed by...

Im Focus: Scientists decipher key principle behind reaction of metalloenzymes

So-called pre-distorted states accelerate photochemical reactions too

What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how...

Im Focus: The first precise measurement of a single molecule's effective charge

For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.

Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact. Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve...

Im Focus: Paradigm shift in Paris: Encouraging an holistic view of laser machining

At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.

No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...

Im Focus: Room-temperature multiferroic thin films and their properties

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.

Multiferroic materials show magnetically driven ferroelectricity. They are attracting increasing attention because of their fascinating properties such as...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

10th International Symposium: “Advanced Battery Power – Kraftwerk Batterie” Münster, 10-11 April 2018

08.01.2018 | Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Let the good tubes roll

19.01.2018 | Materials Sciences

How cancer metastasis happens: Researchers reveal a key mechanism

19.01.2018 | Health and Medicine

Meteoritic stardust unlocks timing of supernova dust formation

19.01.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>