No more need for clinical trials. A systematic review of currently available literature published this week in The Cochrane Library, Issue 2, 2006 shows that insecticide treated nets (ITNs) reduces placental malaria, low birth weight, and abortions and stillbirths in women living in malaria affected regions of Africa. The benefit is most noticeable in women during their first two to four pregnancies, and the effect is seen if the ITNs are used by whole communities or by individual women.
“The evidence is clear – no further trials of ITNs are needed in sub-Saharan Africa, instead efforts should focus on improving their availability to pregnant women,” says lead Review Author Dr Feiko ter Kuile, from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK.
There is a need, however, for further research in areas of the world such as Asia and Latin America where malaria is present, but at a lower level. The Review Authors found only one trial that had been performed outside of Africa. This study from Thailand showed that ITNs reduced the amount of anaemia in women and reduced the numbers of babies dying before birth, but the nets did not appear to ward off other problems.
Another reason to exercise: Burning bone fat -- a key to better bone health
19.05.2017 | University of North Carolina Health Care
Disrupted fat breakdown in the brain makes mice dumb
19.05.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.
Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...
An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...
In the race to produce a quantum computer, a number of projects are seeking a way to create quantum bits -- or qubits -- that are stable, meaning they are not much affected by changes in their environment. This normally needs highly nonlinear non-dissipative elements capable of functioning at very low temperatures.
In pursuit of this goal, researchers at EPFL's Laboratory of Photonics and Quantum Measurements LPQM (STI/SB), have investigated a nonlinear graphene-based...
Dental plaque and the viscous brown slime in drainpipes are two familiar examples of bacterial biofilms. Removing such bacterial depositions from surfaces is...
For the first time, scientists have succeeded in studying the strength of hydrogen bonds in a single molecule using an atomic force microscope. Researchers from the University of Basel’s Swiss Nanoscience Institute network have reported the results in the journal Science Advances.
Hydrogen is the most common element in the universe and is an integral part of almost all organic compounds. Molecules and sections of macromolecules are...
22.05.2017 | Event News
17.05.2017 | Event News
16.05.2017 | Event News
22.05.2017 | Materials Sciences
22.05.2017 | Life Sciences
22.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy