Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New uses for endoscopy

03.04.2006


Braquitherapy guided by ecoendoscopy has enabled a therapeutic approach to injuries, hitherto inaccessible by other means.



Braquitherapy involves the local administration of radiotherapy by means of the implantation of radioactive seeds. It involves a technique used in treatment for cancer of the prostate gland, uterus, bronchial tubes and other locations. The technique developed at the University of Navarra University Clinic enables access to tumorous lesions in the area along the digestive tract. Some of these damaged tissues are in areas difficult to access percutaneously or even through surgery. Thanks to the development of ecoendoscopy, we can gain access to many locations from the oesophagus, the stomach, the duodenum or the colon – without affecting the vital organs.

To date the University of Navarra University Clinic has dealt with two cases, both with good results. The treatment involves a low-invasive procedure that opens new therapeutic perspectives for many lesions that otherwise would not have effective treatment.


Reflux treatment

The second application involves the endoscopic fundoplication for the treatment of the gastroesophagael reflux. To date the endoscopic techniques have not enabled a transmural suture to be effected (i.e. one that completely penetrates the digestive wall), and so the sutures disappeared only after three or four years.

Recently, in the United States, this first transmural technique was about to be applied but with the limitation of a maximum of two sutures. However, with the advance in medical engineering, an endoscopic transmural suture has been developed that enables 10 or 12 sutures to be carried out. Unlike conventional procedures, known as fundoplication surgery, this technique has the advantage of gaining access to the lesion via the mouth, without the need for surgery.

To date the most effective gastroesophagael reflux treatment has been with surgery although, according to prestigious publications, after ten years up to 50-60% of the patients need medical treatment again. The endoscopic transmural suture can offer the same results as surgery but with less complications, cost and aggression that a surgical operation involves.

Treatment of obesity

Another novelty with the endoscopic approach is as an alternative to surgery for obesity. Surgical operation is the treatment of choice by patients suffering from morbid obesity. However, it has to be remembered that this is complex and aggressive, with a significant risk factor involved.

There are a number of endoscopic techniques: some aim to reduce the size of the stomach, thus provoking the sensation of satiation; others involve communicating part of the stomach with a distal zone of the small intestine, resulting in less absorption of nutrients.

Irati Kortabitarte | alfa
Further information:
http://www.basqueresearch.com/berria_irakurri.asp?Gelaxka=1_1&hizk=I&Berri_Kod=936

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Biofilm discovery suggests new way to prevent dangerous infections
23.05.2017 | University of Texas at Austin

nachricht Another reason to exercise: Burning bone fat -- a key to better bone health
19.05.2017 | University of North Carolina Health Care

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A quantum walk of photons

Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.

The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....

Im Focus: Turmoil in sluggish electrons’ existence

An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.

We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...

Im Focus: Wafer-thin Magnetic Materials Developed for Future Quantum Technologies

Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.

Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...

Im Focus: World's thinnest hologram paves path to new 3-D world

Nano-hologram paves way for integration of 3-D holography into everyday electronics

An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...

Im Focus: Using graphene to create quantum bits

In the race to produce a quantum computer, a number of projects are seeking a way to create quantum bits -- or qubits -- that are stable, meaning they are not much affected by changes in their environment. This normally needs highly nonlinear non-dissipative elements capable of functioning at very low temperatures.

In pursuit of this goal, researchers at EPFL's Laboratory of Photonics and Quantum Measurements LPQM (STI/SB), have investigated a nonlinear graphene-based...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

AWK Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium 2017: Internet of Production for Agile Enterprises

23.05.2017 | Event News

Dortmund MST Conference presents Individualized Healthcare Solutions with micro and nanotechnology

22.05.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Physicists discover mechanism behind granular capillary effect

24.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Measured for the first time: Direction of light waves changed by quantum effect

24.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>