NDRI researchers evaluate prison Hepatitis program
In an article published in the Journal of Correctional Health Care, researchers from the National Development and Research Institutes, Inc. (NDRI) reported on an evaluation of an intervention program within a prison system addressing Hepatitis C virus (HCV). Findings include recommendations for increasing Hepatitis C education and staff training, and expanding peer educators programming.
Hepatitis C virus is the most common chronic blood transmitted infectious disease in the United States today. The incidence is even higher among inmates in correctional facilities, with about a 9 times greater rate of infection. In addition, previous studies indicated that among those in the general population with the virus, a third or more pass through a correctional facility within a years period. For those maximizing the public health impact of preventive and treatment interventions, the correctional facility is a vital location; and for those running correctional facilities or setting policy in the criminal justice area, attention to the public health impact of Hepatitis C has become extremely important.
Researchers at NDRI examined the HCV-related educational, testing, and medical services offered within a drug treatment program at a correctional facility in California. The study describes the services offered, assesses client and staff perceptions of the advantages, benefits, and barriers to delivering services, and made recommendations for the future.
"This approach presents a tremendous opportunity to limit the spread of HCV," noted Dr. Shiela Strauss, one of the authors. Yet such programs do not exist at many correctional facilities. The authors also recommend the relatively low cost and sustainable approach of peer to peer educational programs to address this pressing public health challenge within the budget limitations of many correctional programs.
Betty Wagoner | EurekAlert!
The most recent press releases about innovation >>>
Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...