Childrens Rehabilitative Services (CRS) at St. Josephs Childrens Health Center in Phoenix is using a special ultrasound to identify the risk for stroke in children who have sickle cell disease. The transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound measures blood flow in the arteries, identifying the narrowness of the artery and assessing stroke risk.
The TCD ultrasound, which is placed at the base of the patients skull, measures the blood flow in the arteries. The more rapid the blood flow, the narrower the artery is, increasing the chance of developing a blood clot, which can eventually lead to a stroke.
The risk for stroke in people with sickle cell disease is greatest between the ages of two and 20 when the developing blood vessels are most susceptible to form plaques. Patients who are identified as high-risk for a stroke receive blood transfusions every three to four weeks to reduce their risk. Proper treatment can reduce the risk for stroke by approximately 90 percent.
Carmelle Malkovich | EurekAlert!
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Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. In particular, the new method allows the imaging of quantum dots in a semiconductor chip. Together with colleagues from the University of Bochum, scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics and the Swiss Nanoscience Institute reported the findings in the journal Nature Photonics.
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On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future.
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For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.
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At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.
No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...
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