Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Every second counts for shaken babies

18.07.2005


Brisbane researchers are hoping to prove the dangers of shaking babies by creating a model that will show how quickly babies can be injured.



The University of Queensland research team of civil engineers and a child health expert is working on a numerical model that will tell when a baby’s brain could be damaged by violent shaking.

Shaking can cause Shaken Baby Syndrome which swells a baby’s brain and triggers internal bleeding.


Shaken Baby Syndrome causes death in one third of cases while other babies will have permanent brain damage.

The research team has been using a replica of a six-week-old baby to refine their numerical model of a baby brain which consists of complex formulae.

They record the doll’s head and neck movements when it is shaken and compare these with brain scans and video of injured babies.

"From our analysis we can predict what sort of stresses are within the brain and these stresses will tell us whether there are injuries," UQ civil engineering PhD student Zac Couper said.

Mr Couper is working with his supervisor UQ civil engineering Senior Lecturer Dr Faris Albermani and Department of Child Health Clinical Associate Professor Dr Denis Stark.

Dr Albermani, who normally works with power lines or buildings, got involved when Dr Stark approached UQ’s Department of Civil Engineering to see if it was possible to simulate the mechanics of Shaken Baby Syndrome.

He said the model would not only help predict injuries but could help form guidelines for caring for and handling babies.

It would also allow more accurate evidence to be given in court and help develop safer playgrounds and play equipment.

The syndrome has been used in a number of Australian criminal cases but is being challenged in Britain by four people contesting convictions for child abuse.

"The area is not well understood as to exactly what sort of shaking will cause damage," Dr Albermani said.

"Some medical literature says even normal baby handling like tossing or swinging could cause these injuries. Others say, no, there has to be impact."

The team will give its second presentation about its progress to the Abused Child Trust next month but it is seeking further funding to continue its work.

Miguel Holland | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.uq.edu.au

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Organ-on-a-chip mimics heart's biomechanical properties
23.02.2017 | Vanderbilt University

nachricht Researchers identify cause of hereditary skeletal muscle disorder
22.02.2017 | Klinikum der Universität München

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

Im Focus: Three Magnetic States for Each Hole

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".

Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Stingless bees have their nests protected by soldiers

24.02.2017 | Life Sciences

New risk factors for anxiety disorders

24.02.2017 | Life Sciences

MWC 2017: 5G Capital Berlin

24.02.2017 | Trade Fair News

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>