Illustration by H.D. Vishwarao, K.A. Kasischke, M.A. Williams and W.W. Webb
The image above is from the cover of the July 1 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry and relates to a "paper of the week" article titled "Conformational dependence of intracellular NADH on metabolic state revealed by associated fluorescence anisotrophy," by H.D. Vishwasrao, A.A. Heikal, K.A. Kasischke and W.W. Webb. Caption: "Metabolic dynamics in the brain are imaged using the fluorescence of endogenous reduced beta-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). Fluorescence measurements, however, are complicated by the dependence of the quantum efficiency of NADH on its free/bound state. Time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy discriminates free/bound NADH and shows a preferential increase in free NADH during the normoxic (blue curve) to hypoxic (red curve) metabolic transition."
By discovering a crucial piece of submicroscopic information about how the brain converts fuel into energy for neurons, Cornell University biophysicists have gleaned new insights into brain cell metabolism that will allow neurologists to better interpret data from such diagnostic tests as positron emission tomography (PET) scans and a specialized magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test.
The discovery uncovers a key piece of information that’s been missing for years about cell metabolism -- how the compound beta-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) interacts in the mitochondria. The researchers discovered that some molecules of NADH are bound to other molecules in the mitochondria, while some are free in two different conformations. Whether NADH is bound or free affects how much it fluoresces in diagnostic tests -- and not knowing this has led scientists in the past to misjudge the amount of activity in neural cells.
The findings, published as a paper of the week in the July 1 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry (Vol. 280), are based on research in the biophysics lab directed by Watt W. Webb, the S.B. Eckert Professor in Engineering at Cornell. The journal’s cover illustration was designed by Webb with images from his biophysics lab by Karl Kasischke, Harshad Vishwasrao and Dan Dombeck.
Blaine P. Friedlander Jr. | EurekAlert!
Satellites, airport visibility readings shed light on troops' exposure to air pollution
09.12.2016 | Veterans Affairs Research Communications
Oxygen can wake up dormant bacteria for antibiotic attacks
08.12.2016 | Penn State
Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
09.12.2016 | Life Sciences
09.12.2016 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation
09.12.2016 | Health and Medicine